International Organizations are formal institutional structures transcending national boundaries that are created by multilateral agreement among nation-states. Their purpose is to foster international cooperation in areas such as security, law, economic and social matters and diplomacy.
The theory of international organization has evolved from developments in such areas as internationalism, transnationalism, complex interdependence, and the study of regimes, functionalism, federalism and integration.
Defining International organization
International organization is a process; international organizations are representative aspects of the phase of that process which has been reached at a given time. Based primarily upon an analysis of the organizational efforts in which governments participate as the official agencies of states. The definition of an international organization as a formal, continuous structure established by agreement between members, whether governmental representatives or not, from at least two sovereign states with the aim of pursuing the common interest of the membership, covers a wide range of institutions even if profit-making associations are excluded.
Theories of international organization
The study of International Relations includes the study of organizations in a great deal. Almost every writer of international relations has their literature on International organizations. In this study of the theories of international organization, four major groups are emphasized. They have remarkable contributions in this area of study. Traditional Views
The traditional writers have in common a state centric approach to international relations. Though some were concerned that governments should reflect more inevitably good intentions of their citizens in international affairs or that world organization should have more power to deal with warlike or renegade states, their focus of attention is the international