Theories Of Hard Determinism

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According to the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, moral responsibility can be view as action that is “worthy of a particular kind of reaction – praise, blame, or something akin to these for having performed it [a moral act],” (Stanford Encyclopedia). Therefore, we have three theories at hand that can explain the true nation of moral responsibility and its relation to human freedom and determinism: libertarianism, hard determinism and compatibilism. However, I believe there is only one theory that would provide the overall best explanation, and that is the view of libertarianism. For this essay, I will begin with the background information needed to understand the complexity of these theories. Then, I will explain why hard determinism is …show more content…
Therefore, the theory of hard determinism agrees with the first and second statement from the previous paragraph. If this is the case, then hard determinism rejects the third statement since they also reject the notion that people have any metaphysical freedom. Accordingly, the view of hard determinism also views that in order to have moral responsibility, people must be able to tap into metaphysical freedom. As a result, the hard determinist is in support of determinism and in rejection of the human freedom in terms of metaphysical. This is not a strong basis for explanation of the true nature of moral responsibility because hard determinism believes that the overall notion of being morally responsibility “is not a human possibility,” since all of the choices we make are based on one’s own personality, values, interests, desires, or motives – which are then the ultimate “products of deterministic causes.” (Lawhead 132). If such a notion were true then determinism is undermining the notion of rationality. This is shown through how the reasoning that all that is possible is the actually given that determinism is the belief in the inevitability of causality. Hence forth, the same cannot be state for the true of moral responsibility since all events out of one’s control, then one cannot be …show more content…
This is then why the theories of hard determinism and compatibilism are weaker in comparison since they both rely on the basis of human freedom being limited to the nonexistent of metaphysical freedom, as well as determinism being accepted. As a result, the essay has provided an outline of the relative concepts applicable to the matters at hand, the reasoning as to why hard determinism and compatibilism are weaker in development, as well as why libertarianism is the best theory to provide the explanation of the true nature of moral responsibility and its relation to human freedom and

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