Theories of Development and Application
General Psychology/PSY 101 A01
Faculty: Debra Thompson
Theories of Development and Application
At the formal operation stage that happens between the age of 12 and 19 years, the adolescents develop the ability to think about abstract concept contrary to the concrete stage. A number of skills are developed by the individual including inductive reasoning, systematic planning and logical thought. The child is able at this point to combine and classify items in a complex manner and has also the capacity to embrace a high-order type of thinking. At the stage the child is able to make plans and test the hypotheses out (Brown, 2008). I feel I entered the formal operation stage at the age of thirteen. This is because at that time I had the ability to view things differently compared to years when I was young. Some of these activities included the ability to answer questions from the mind and not from images or figures. The career options also flocked my mind at this time as well as the ability to see that soon or later the relationship I had with my parents would change in ten years to come. I view justice in a different angle as something that guides how we live and relate with others and doing good is for my own good and not another person’s. Additionally, the moral reasoning that I have depends on what comes out after carefully thinking of the outcomes of any given action, each and every action is completely analyzed before engaging in the activity.
Erickson classified the developmental psychology of a child into different stages and outlined the major crises that need to be solved in each. The manner in which each conflict is resolved impacts the feelings as well as the behaviors of the individual that may persist through their entire life. Five stages occur during childhood as well as adolescence while three dominate adulthood. A major crisis occurs in early adulthood; identity versus role confusion. At this stage that occurs between the age of 12 and 18 years, the individual transitions from childhood to adulthood. The individual becomes independent and begins to look at the future in different perspectives based on among others careers, relationships, family, and relatives. The need to fit or belong to the society is evident at this age. Here the individuals learn the roles they are sure adulthood will require of them. The stage involves both sexual and occupational identities. The body image also changes during the period. A success in the stage leads to fidelity. The individual commits themselves to others despite their ideological differences. I failed to successfully accept myself and the believed that the society did not accept me made me fall prey of identity crisis. I engaged in different activities including living other people’s life in a bid to get noticed and in the end I was the loser. The stage has affected my relationship with my friends and even family. I have grown to be antisocial and feel that being alone is the only best option left. I have tried living lifestyles that are contrary to the belief my family shares.
As I entered adulthood I made a decision to follow rules to the latter. At the post conventional stage there is more of social contract. The individual recognizes the rules as pacts among individuals and groups about a particular behavior. To maintain social order therefore the individual is bound to abide by the rules (Zgourides, 2000). I needed to protect my own individual rights and so I decided to abide by the school rules. This decision was made independent of the laws that guide the society. After a long time of debating whether to accept or decline some rules I was also able to flexibly change some rules that I saw were not for the good of the society. Such rules included the peer influence group rules that to me seemed wasting time and eroding my morality...
References: Brown, C. (2008). Developmental psychology. Los Angeles: SAGE.
Petty, K. (2010). Developmental milestones of young children. St. Paul, MN: Redleaf Press.
Zgourides, G. D. (2000). Developmental psychology. Foster City, CA: IDG Books Worldwide.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document