Theories of Crime Study Guide Final
Topics: Criminal law, Crime, Criminology / Pages: 7 (1722 words) / Published: Apr 19th, 2012

Exam #1 Review 1. Conflict vs. Consensus Models of Criminal Justice Consensus Model a. This model of criminology views criminal law as reflecting the interest of the public b. Incorporates a utilitarian perspective Conflict Model c. According to this model of criminology, criminal law serves the interests of the elite and powerful at the expense of the majority of society. d. Rooted in traditional Marxism Consensus Perspective e. A product of social values and needs f. Emile Durkheim suggested that crime is functional to society by providing clear boundaries of socially acceptable behavior. Conflict Perspective g. Law is considered to be a reflection of the interests of the powerful and elite groups.

2. Define criminology- “The study of the processes of making laws, breaking laws, and reacting towards the breaking of laws” 3. Define paradigm-competing theoretical perspectives 4. The scientific methods incorporates both theory and observation. Definitions of Crime (and who proposed each) a. Legalistic  Tappan Defines crime as “an intentional act in violation of the criminal law (statutory and case law), committed without defense or excuse, and penalized by the state as a felony or misdemeanor” (Tappan, 1947:100).  Excludes any behaviors that are not punished by law enforcement including behavior that is not criminalized, detected or reported.

b. modified legalistic   Sutherland Definition is similar to Tappan’s legalistic definition, but suggests that crime is a behavior that causes injury to the State. Sutherland suggested that “an unlawful act is not defined as criminal by the fact that it is punished, but by the fact that it is punishable” c. normative   Mannheim & Sellin Defined crime broadly as a violation of conduct norms. Recognizes that not all antisocial behaviors are going to be prohibited by legal code at all places, at all times.

d. new/critical Herman & Julia Schwendinger  Broadest criminological conceptualization of crime and

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