Theories as the Basis for Nursing Practice

Topics: Nursing, Nursing theory Pages: 4 (1007 words) Published: October 18, 2012
Theories as the Basis for Nursing Practice
Seema R Sulemani
Homeland University
NURS 211 SF12
October 14, 2012

Abstract
Theory development is the fundamental step for expansion of nursing knowledge. The knowledge has been borrowed from different disciplines to build the nursing theories. The categorization of theories is based on their scope of practice. The grand nursing theories are the most complex and abstract in their nature. Middle range theories are inducted mostly from grand nursing theories. Orem’s self-care model is clear and descriptive; the theory has been applied, analyzed in a precise method to various areas in the current nursing practice successfully.

A comprehensive knowledge of nursing theories is an integral part of graduate nursing. Initially I was also wondering just like the graduate student in the beginning of chapter 2 in (McEwen & Willis, 2011) about the application of theory to nursing practice. However the initial theory classes were lot of information in a short duration. Over the time of the course it became clear that theory development in nursing has been crucial to nursing emerging as a profession. The knowledge for nursing theory development has been based on silent knowledge, where the role is limited to following physician orders, received knowledge; this is the information from other fields like sociology, psychology, physiology and anthropology. Later on the theory development was based on individual experiences, practical skills and procedures and empirical data and evidence based practices (McEwen & Willis, 2011). Nurse Practioners need to familiarize and incorporated the changing health care demands. In order to foster a healthy trusting nurse patient relationship to provide cost effective care nursing theory understanding is crucial (Hayes, 2007).

Nursing theories have been classified based on their scope of...

References: Comley, L. A. (1994). A comparative analysis of Orem’s self-care model and Peplau’s interpersonal theory. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 20,755-760.
Grando, T. V. (2005). A self-care deficit nursing theory practice model for advance practice psychiatric mental health nursing. Self-care, Dependent -care & Nursing, 13(1), 4-8. Retrieved from http://www.orem-society.com/images/stories/download/Journal/Vol13No1.pdf
Hayes, E. F. (2007). Embattled and embittered or empowered and evolving: Nurse practitioner
Attitudes toward managed care. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners,
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Horan, P., Doran, A., &Timmins, F. (2004). Exploring Orem’s self-care model in learning disability nursing: Practical application paper: part 2.Learning Disability Practice, 7 (4), 33-37.
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