Theoretical Orientation of Counseling in Education
View of Human Nature
There is a development that takes place between the ages of birth to six years old that is fundamental to how an individual begins to approach life. A person’s approach to life is more than just heredity, and during their first six years on the planet they begin to form their opinions and beliefs on how to interact and respond to people, how to make choices, how to approach respond to situations in life, and many other things. The biggest developmental components during the first six years are part of these six years (1) viewpoint of others and (2) viewpoint of self. An individual watches carefully during these years and begins to develop ideas on what they believe is appropriate social behavior with people in their world. They also begin to form their ideas of self-worth or lack thereof. Because of foundation being laid during the early years of an individual, it is important to help the individual understand where reshaping needs to occur. Dr. Alfred Adler would call this reeducating or refocusing the individual in order to help them become more successful in reshaping society. Individuals are free to be who they are within the framework of the good of society. My approach focuses on individual behavior in relation to relationship with others. Refocusing or reeducation should occur when an action breaks relationships with the people in the life of the individual. Any action or behavior that can break or has broken or damaged a relationship is an action that needs attention. Subjective Perception of Reality
Just as the belief of Dr. Alfred Adler, my approach focuses on the concept that individuals possess a “subjective reality.” This “subjective reality” – which some may call perception – is reality to the individual. This view of reality was developed over time and many times may include misconceptions. These misconceptions are not necessarily wrong, but they become not beneficial when they begin to negatively affect the relationships of the individual. When this happens, the individual needs to refocus or reeducate in order to calibrate their “subjective reality.” This calibration allows not only a more beneficial perception of self but also a more beneficial approach to the world.
THE THERAPEUTIC PROCESS
The goals of my approach to therapy are a mixture of Adlerian Therapy, Existential Therapy, and Person-Centered Therapy. All of these approaches to therapy focused on respect and rapport between the therapist and the client. This is an essential component to approach the therapeutic process. Without the respect, there is no way that a client would ever be able to understand their misconceptions and achieve freedom. Ultimately, these two ideas are necessary: understanding misconceptions and achieving freedom. The client should never be viewed as a patient needing healing. They should be viewed as an individual who has a misconception. As the therapist partners with the client on the journal toward freedom, then and only then, can the client understand their misconceptions and refocus their attention toward a more successful reality. A major goal to motivate a client is self-actualization. To achieve this it is necessary for the therapist and the client to partner on the journey toward becoming actualized. Ultimately, the client is responsible for their decisions and their reeducation; but the therapist’s partnership gives the client confidence and security as they take steps toward self-actualization. Person-centered therapy lists four essential characteristics individuals moving toward self-actualization should possess: (1) an openness to experience, (2) a trust in themselves, (3) an internal source of evaluation, and (4) a willingness to continue growing. Without any of these characteristics the movement toward achieving self-actualization cannot occur. As the process of...
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