Theoretical Orientation

Topics: Cognitive behavioral therapy, Rational emotive behavior therapy, Psychotherapy Pages: 8 (1556 words) Published: May 7, 2015


Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Theoretical Orientation Paper
Angela Williams
Delta State University
CED 601
December 10, 2014

Cognitive Behavior Therapy
My Personal Approach to Counseling
Throughout this course I have taken great interested in Cognitive Behavioral Theory or (CBT) which was developed in the 1960s by Albert Ellis and Aaron Beck. CBT is a therapeutic technique that underlies with other different theories, which also focused on the “here and now”. Put simply, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy changes one’s dysfunctional behaviors and/or thoughts to more realistic and healthy ones. This type of therapy encompasses a number of therapies focusing on the impact of an individual’s thinking as it conveys to expressed behaviors. Examples of models include but are not limited to, Rational Behavior Therapy (RBT), Cognitive Therapy (CT), Rational Emotive Therapy (RET), Rational Emotive Behavioral Therapy (REBT), and etcetera; each approach has its own developmental history. CBT became popular because of its effective treatment on depression. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy is usually applied to other theories such as the ones I mentioned previously. “CBT represents the mainstream of contemporary behavior therapy and is a popular theoretical orientation among psychologists. Cognitive behavioral therapy operates on the assumption that what people believe influences how they act and feel” (Corey, 2013, p. 249). According to Zastorw and Kirst-Ashman (2007) “Cognitive involves the ability to take in information, process it, store it, and finally retrieve and use it. In other words, cognition involves the ability to learn and to think” ( p. 98). Piaget (1952) proposed “that people go through various stages in learning how to think and behave as they develop from infancy into adulthood. His theory, which concerns the stages through which people must progress in order to develop their cognitive or thinking ability, was derived from careful observations of his own children’s growth and development” (Zastorw & Kirst-Ashman, 2007, p. 98)

My Goals as a Counselor
My personal belief is that we all have a purpose in life. We may never know what our purpose is but some of us may try to carry out that purpose in life for the greater good. Although we are created equal, our life’s experiences may affect how and why we live our lives the way we do. These experiences may also affect the way we deal with our relationships, how we network with others, and of course how we handle disappointments, as well as accomplishments, in our lives. People describe the good life as complete happiness; a person being self-sufficient, having all desire of the heart, and doing what one enjoys.

I honestly believe that people are a product of their environment. People can only act on what they know, the things they’ve seen, heard, experienced, and on the things that have been taught since they were just kids. In order to change or modify one’s behavior, he or she would have to remove themselves from that particular environment and change their way of thinking. Erikson states that, the environment in which a child lives or has lived, is/was critical to providing growth, adjustment, a source of self-awareness and identity. By changing the way a person thinks will of course change the way their behavior and the way that they feel. As a counselor, it is my goal to help my client (s) change for the better. It is also my goal get my client (s) to actively take part in the treatment process and practice what they have learned in our sessions.

If the client practices what they have learned in their sessions, it will allow them to learn how to identify their negative behaviors and come up with better plans. I would hope that my client (s) has a strong support system that can keep them grounded but if not, then my goal would be for them to have strategies that they can use themselves. Building rapport with my client...


References: Archer, J. & McCarthy, C. J. (2007). Theories of counseling and psychotherapy: Contemporary applications. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson.
Corey, G. (2013). Theory and Practice of Counseling and Psychotherapy . Belmont, CA : Brooks/Cole.
Zastorw, C. & Kirst- Ashman, K. K. (2002). Understanding human behavior and the social environment. (7th ed., p.90). Belmont, CA: Thomson Brooks/Cole.
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