Philippine Women's University, Master of Arts in Nursing
Theoretical Framework for Nursing Practice – Module 1
A. There are defining characteristics that determine nursing practice. Based on your clinical experience, explain the meaning of the following:
1. Nursing as a practice-oriented discipline – Nursing exists to provide nursing care for clients who experience illness, as well as for those who may experience potential health problems. When we say that nursing is a practice-oriented discipline, we simply mean that nursing has a primary mission related to practice. Its members seek knowledge of what nurses as professionals do, why they do it and when they do it. Basic understanding of various phenomena is essential for the subsequent development of applied knowledge. Applied knowledge is that which provides guidelines to maintain, develop, inhibit, support, change, advocate, clarify or suppress some of these basic phenomena. The goal of knowledge development then, is to understand the nursing care needs of the people and to learn how to better care for them; therefore the caring activities that nurses are involved in on a daily basis maybe the focus for knowledge development. To put it in simpler terms, “knowledge is achieved not just for the sake of knowledge, but to provide better nursing care” (Meleis, 2012). To give a more palpable example of what nursing as a practice-oriented discipline is all about based solely on my own clinical experience, I would like to cite my institution’s striving mission to be granted accreditation for the Joint Commission International. Here, definitive guidelines are already set in place with regards to what is needed in order to comply with a standard that is being recognized globally for nursing care. In other words, in order for the institution to fulfill its nursing requirements specific rules and policies should be implemented.
2. Nursing as a health-oriented discipline – In