Tanya Ellington – Student No 54021596 Assignment 01 – Unique No. 204488 (Semester 2 – Due Date 12th August 2013) N.B. The questions are in red, and the answers are in black
Question 1 The nature of Theological Ethics is often misunderstood. Describe some common misunderstandings concerning what theological Ethics involves. Also provide a valid definition of Theological Ethics (33 marks) (600 words) Answer Theological ethics basically is a combination of all ethical concerns and most ethics are action based. Theological ethics encompass various religious beliefs and ideals; however the term “theological” refers mainly to the Christian beliefs and understandings. This is not to say that other religious or philosophical beliefs and ideas are wrong, we should certainly look at them to gain knowledge of other cultures and religions ideas of morality in order for us to understand how and why various societies and people act in certain ways. Most people believe that theological ethics are taken directly from the Bible and it is either right or wrong according to the scriptures. There are people who believe that Christianity is the only religion and seek to convert as many people as possible to Christianity, however although they are passionate about their cause they can actually land up doing more harm than good in the zealousness as their passion can often be misguide and misconstrued by other faiths causing conflict. There are various misconception one being that “Witnessing is converting people to the Christian religion”. This is certainly not true because Christians cannot convert people, only God can cause a change of mind and heart. Also nowhere in the Bible does it say the Jesus says the Christians must convert people to his religion. He says to share the good news and to and ask people to follow him Secondly it is wrong to tell people that they are morally corrupt if they do not believe in the Christian God. All of humanity has moral standards based on various beliefs, followings and laws. Most people are taught right from wrong at an early age and carry this on throughout their lives. They are not sinners and do not need to be “saved” by embracing someone else’s religious beliefs. Therefore Christianity is not morally superior to other religions and the non-religious. There are those who believe that Christianity is the only true religion and all other religions must therefore be false. This is impossible to prove. Religions are all different in their belief and practices and not one can decree that one is truer than the others. History would show that Christianity in the past has in fact practiced oppressing and defeating others which actually casts a rather bad light on Christianity being more truthful than other religions.
The most common misconception, no doubt involves the threat that those who do not believe, will be dammed. They are threatened with words form people who say things like “If you die today without being saved, you will spend eternity in hell." Only God can make that judgement as we do not know what the criteria if is for going to Heaven or Hell. Putting the fear of God into people by forcing people to become Christian so that they can escape the place called hell in order to get into a place called heaven is not what it means to follow Christ. It seems that Jesus has a clear message for people to follow, and that is to be his witnesses, and love and honour and respect one’s fellow human beings.
Question 2 Outline and evaluate the ethical approaches or theories of any two of the following: Aristotle Augustine of Hippo Existentialism Kant Karl Barth (33 Marks((600 Words) Answer For this question, I have chosen to evaluate Aristotle and Kant. Most ethical theories are action- based, however Aristotle’s ethics are not. Philosophers like Kant would as ask "What ought I to do in this situation?", while Aristotle would ask "What kind of character do I want to have?” Therefore...
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