Topics: Employment, Training, Skill Pages: 5 (3657 words) Published: October 25, 2014
Student competencies are the traits, skills and attribute that students who undergo On the Job Training need to carry out their jobs most effectively. Companies can hire people with basic foundational competencies and then teach more specific competencies directly related to the employees job descriptions. Student competency development draws its strength from a variety of different learning activities. By integrating training, on-the-job learning and career management into one development trajectory, organizations can approach the developmental needs of their employees from different angles. However, significant responsibility rests with the employee as well. While the organization can create a stimulating environment and offer the student chances for competency progress, it is then up to the employee to seize these opportunities and develop his/her competencies accordingly. According to Spencer and Spencer, et. al (1993), competency is the an underlying characteristic of an individual that is causally related to criterion-referenced effective and/or superior performance in a task or situation They identified five types of competency namely motives, traits, self-concept, knowledge, and skill. First, motives are the things that an individual consistently thinks about or wants that stimulate action. Second, traits are physical characteristics and consistent responses to situations or information. Third, self-concept is an individuals attitudes, values or self-image. Fourth, knowledge is the information that an individual has in specific content areas. Finally, skill is the ability to perform certain physical or mental task. Today, Customs Administration students are shaped by their universities into globally competitive individuals. Through the years, their confidence is boosted up. They have effective communication skills, computer literacy, and a thorough understanding of all relevant policies and laws relating to customs. Through classroom discussions, seminars, and reports, they develop good communication skills and logical minds which are important to negotiations and problem solving. On the Job Trainings expose the Customs Administration students to the actual job and further enhance these skills in terms of working in a team, flexibility and resourcefulness, interpersonal skills, and high ethical standards. The researchers were inspired to carry out this study because they would be having their On the Job Training on the next semester. In relation to that, they would like to foresee what the OJT program could offer them, how it would close the gap between the theories they have learned and practical reality and how the opportunities to go through the actual methodologies of public service, freight forwarding, and brokerage using the real tools, equipments, and documents in the work becomes a development venue for them to learn more about their chosen field and practice what they have learned from their university. They are eager to build up skills of critical self-reflection and identify future career perspectives. Objectives of the Study The study aims to assess the Competencies Developed During On-the-Job Training Among Customs Administration Students Inputs to On the Job Enhancement Program. Specifically, to assess the level of competencies developed during their OJT in terms of Cognitive and Affective skills to test the significant difference on the level of competencies developed when grouped according to work sectors and to propose input to on the job enhancement program. Hypothesis There is no significant difference on the level of competencies developed when grouped according to work sectors. Review of Literature On the Job Training According to Kuzgun (2012), employability of labor force is important for the new process in the current labor markets. Several definitions have been suggested related to this process. Under the current labor market conditions being unemployed is a risk and it...
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