The U.S. Involvement in Bosnia: Positive or Negative?

Topics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, Montenegro Pages: 5 (2096 words) Published: September 20, 2002
The United States Involvement in Bosnia; is it positive or negative. After a lifetime of war in Bosnia, can the United States really offer positive change? To truly get a feel for the conflict in this region we must first look at the long-standing hatred between the occupying ethnic groups: Serbs, Muslims, and Croats. From 1481 to 1903 the Ottoman Empire was the ruling body over the entire Balkan region. By the early nineteen hundreds the Ottoman Empire had collapsed. In 1918, at the end of World War One, Russia annexed the Balkan region renaming it Yugoslavia. In 1919 Joseph Stalin, Communist ruler of Russia and its satellite states (i.e. Yugoslavia), appointed Tito to be the head of Yugoslavia. Tito quickly became an iron fisted and ruthless dictator. The Machiavellian characteristics exhibited by Tito have given all Serbs a reputation as being strong armed and merciless. With Tito's death in 1991, Yugoslavia collapsed and split into 3 independent states: Bosnia, Herzegovina, and Croatia. In 1994 Slovadon Malosovitch was elected ruler of the Serbian state. Incidents of mass genocide and several other war crimes became regular occurrences under his rule. The Bosnian crisis has shown the world the worst of human nature. On behalf of the United Nations, in an effort to settle the unrest in the Balkan region, The United States became involved in 1995. The United States involvement includes: the commitment of twenty thousand troops, the troop support of legions of tanks and other vehicles, and the "full support" of the United States Government. Unfortunately this upset the native Bosnian people. So, although the United States feels obligated to help the Bosnian Cause, they may be worsening the situation with their involvement, both there and in the U.S There are two sides to this story. The first is the opinion that the United States should completely withdraw from Bosnia. The other opinion is that the United States should go headlong and give Bosnia their full support, and commit more troops and more supplies to the Bosnian Cause. There are some positive things done by the United States in Bosnia. The presence of U.S troops did bring temporary peace to the area. Although the peace is purely an act, it does give leaders time to talk and plan without worrying about their people dying. Also, the United States presence in Bosnia helped to eradicate the most horrific problem in Bosnia, large Serbian concentration camps and mass Albanian genocide. United States troops were deployed to tear down old concentration camps and free the inhabitants of current ones. The troops also uncovered mass burial sites where the Serbian Government, under Slovadon Malosavitch, ordered the killing of thousands of ethnic Albanians. The discovery of these sites is a key element in the conviction of Slovado Malosovitch on war crimes charges taking place presently. Had the U.S properly occupied the region, providing aide while allowing educated economic analyst to run the economy, it is possible they could have restored the economy. Although there are good things being done, The United States affairs in Bosnian are impairing their foreign policy, and the bad things heavily outweigh the goods. The United States is torn with whom to side in this dispute. If the United States side with the Serbian government, then the Croats and Muslims become their enemies. On the other hand if they side with the Muslim and Croat extremist then, a very powerful, very influential Serbian government looks on them in abhorrence. If they pull out all together, the on looking nations of the U.N might view the action as weak and lacking commitment. Either way, there is no clean "out" for the United States in this situation. "Rather than making clear to our allies and to the belligerents themselves the limits of American involvement, Ms. Albright's comments hold out the prospect of greater involvement. There is no reasonable number of ground troops that can end this crisis"...
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