The Yanomami

Topics: Amazon Rainforest, South America, Amazon River Pages: 8 (3347 words) Published: February 4, 2013
The Yanomami’s environment is a very important part of their culture. Their tribes and villages are located in South America, on the border of Venezuela and Brazil, in the Amazon Rain Forest. The tribes go up the border line, following one of the branches of the Amazon River. The Amazon Rain Forest is named after its most commonly known physical characteristic, the Amazon River. The rain forest covers the top half of South America, and The Amazon River is about 4080 miles long, and stretches all the way from Peruvian Andes to Belem, Brazil where it meets the Atlantic Ocean on the west side of South America. It has arms that branch off and run all across South America, supporting the ecosystems by giving them water. The river provides the Yanomami/any culture living in South America with fish, fresh water, a place to bathe, and other means of cleansing. The river is stopped from going into the Atlantic ocean on the east side of South America by the Andes Mountains ("Blue Planet Biomes"). The Andes Mountains provides South America with a different ecosystem and habitat. The peaks of the mountains are cold, which is a large change from South America’s usual climate. South America is quite warm, it is considered a sub tropical climate; it’s annual temperature range is 68 to 93°F. The weather constantly changes, it can go from pouring rain to burning hot in the course of a few hours. The Amazon Rain forest is a wet place; it has about nine feet of rain every year. Most of that rain gets absorbed by the trees and plants that grow in the rain forest. The rain doesn’t always fall to the floor of the forest, sometimes it stays on the large canopies of leaves that keep the ground from getting little to any sunlight. Those drops of rain usually evaporate, making the Amazon Rain forest extremely humid. The rain that doesn’t get caught on the canopies of leaves, however, goes down to get absorbed by the soil. The healthiest part of the soil in the Amazon is the top two inches. It contains most of the nutrients plants will need to start growing and continue growing through out their long lives. The reason the soil can afford to be so unhelpful to the plants, is because the plants store most of what they need, for instance, in their leaves ("Blue Planet Biomes"). The Amazon Rain Forest has four layers. The emergent layer is the highest layer out of all of these. It contains giant trees that grow up to 200 feet, and is the habitat of many birds. The layer directly beneath that is called the canopy layer. The canopy layer absorbs the UV rays from the sun to protect the plants beneath it. This layer holds most of the animals in the Amazon, they hardly go down to the ground. It also absorbs most of the rain and creates a shield or an umbrella above the two layers below it. The layer beneath the canopy layer is called the understory layer. it is located just beneath the canopy layer and right above the forest floor. The understory layer gets almost no light and is very damp. There is a large amount of camouflage because of the lack of light and the vines and creeping plants that grow in that layer. The layer below that is the lowest layer of the forest, and is called the forest floor. It is completely dark, a small amount of light leaks through the leaves. It is cold and damp due to the lighting of it, and many cold blooded animals inhabit the area. Snakes, frogs, lizards, and beetles are among the many creatures living on the forest floor. There are over two thousand different species of mammals and birds in the rain forest ("Blue Planet Biomes").They often get hunted by the men of the Yanomami village, and their carcasses get brought back to the village and are shared with the village families. The man who killed the particular animal never eats his own game, but is instead fed by another hunter. The teeth and bones of the animals are used to make weapons and tools of the Yanomami. The birds get hunted for their meat, feathers, and bones....
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