The World Health Organization

Topics: World Health Organization, Disability, Mental disorder Pages: 6 (1573 words) Published: December 11, 2014
The World Health Organization (WHO) is a global organization operating in the health conditions of people all over the world. WHO works with countries around the world to help fix health policies to improve the health and quality of life. In this Constitution, health is defined as a state of complete physical comfort, emotional and social, not just illness or physical disability. More specifically, WHO is a huge organization with a beautiful background history, some of their current work is to help disabled people have a better chance to integrate with their community, and there are many controversy that they have faced.

The World Health Organization was established and started operations in April 7, 1948. On July 10, 1948, it became the specialized agency of the United Nations with 53 founding members and since then April 7th annual is also considered as world Health Day since WHO was established and started operations from April 7th. The WHO Headquarters is located at Geneva, Switzerland. WHO now has 193 member countries. The General Assembly is the supreme decision making WHO annual meeting in Geneva, Switzerland in May with the participation of all member states. The main task of the General Assembly is deciding WHO's policy decisions. In addition, the General Assembly of the WHO is tasked to nominate a Director-General, through fiscal policy and program of the WHO budget. The WHO Executive Board consists of 34 members, with 3-year term. Duties of the Executive Board are to implement the decisions and policies of the General Assembly, comment and promote the activities of the General Assembly. The head of the WHO is Director-General, and elected by the General Assembly. The current Director General of WHO is Margaret Chan, who is Chinese, that the General Assembly elected 11/2006. WHO has six regional offices around the world focused on the specific health problems of the region. Additionally, there are representative offices in the member states. WHO is the organization within the UN system responsible for the global health field; offering standards, health guidance, provide technical assistance to help countries solve public health problems, strengthen health research. The objective of WHO is to help people get the best health. Since 1977, the World Health Assembly proposed the slogan "Health for all" and considered it the highest priority of the WHO. To achieve these goals, the WHO has set the strategic direction of the mutual interaction as follows reduce mortality, morbidity and disability excessive, especially in the poor population groups and disadvantaged; Encouraging healthy lifestyles and reduce risk factors for human health due to environmental causes, economic, social and behavioral causes; Developing health systems that equitably improve the outcomes of health and meet the legitimate demands of the people and by finance; Build institutional environment and favorable policies in the health sector, promoting effective health status of policy development, environment, economy and society. In addition to this strategic orientation, WHO has also identified specific priorities such as combating malaria, tuberculosis, mental health, tobacco, non-communicable diseases, safer pregnancy and child health, HIV / AIDS, health and the environment, food safety, safe blood transfusion, and better medical systems.

As we all know, disability is a phenomenon of social medicine normal. It exists in all societies. The percentage of each population can predict and identify. Since then, the state and the relevant sectora make necessary policies to limit disability. However, the policy is not practical because disability is a phenomenon related to medical, social and environmental. Ghfb Before those inadequacies, WHO has made efforts to improve people, understands disability. According to the WHO in 1996, there were about 490 million people with disabilities (about 10% of the population), including 140 million children with...
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