October 31, 2012
The Will of the People
In modern warfare, it is important to consider, effectively winning the hearts and minds of the people. This is especially important if the war being fought is a civil war, as ultimately the most a government has to fear is its own people. Successfully doing so is to show your force as more of a power for good than that of your enemy, or barring that being the lesser of two evils. The CCP succeeded due to the peasantry, a long neglected vast majority of rural Chinese laborers who were indoctrinated to the communist cause through educational indoctrination and land reforms, while weakening the Kuomintang (KMT) through guerilla warfare tactics and eventually conventional warfare. The formation of the communist party in China traces its roots to Chinese intellectuals fascination with Marxist ideology, culminating in the May Fourth Movement of 1919. An anti-imperialist movement spurned on by the Treaty of Versailles which gave the Shandong Province, previously owned by the defeated Germans to the Japanese, in spite of the work of the Chinese Labor Corps for the allied forces. Chinese nationalism heaved as the birth place of Confucius was located within the region, and is of deep national importance to the Chinese people. The day saw over 3,000 students, including future CCP leaders, to protest the outcome of the treaty students throughout China went on strike, and encouraged the boycott of Japanese made goods. This reaction led to a Comintern, Communist International a Moscow based organization to overthrow the bourgeoisie, and the creation of new soviet republics, organized congress in Shanghai. The Chinese Communist Party was declared formed on a boat in South Lake in July 1921(Schoppa 183). In 1922 it was suggested by the Comintern that the CCP members join the KMT to ease the transformation of the Nationalist Party, a controversial motion within the party that only passed by the...
Bibliography: Chung-kuo ti i jih. One Day in China, Excerpts from Heads and Political Authority. Yale University, 1923.
Eastman, Llyod. The Abortive Revolution. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1974.
Schoppa, R. Keith. Revolution and its Past: Identities and change in Modern Chinese History. Prentice Hall, 3rd Edition, 2011.
Snow, Edgar. Red Star Over China: The Classic Account of the Birth of Chinese Communism. Grove Press, 1968.
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