War on terror refers to the ongoing military campaign led by U.S and U.K against organizations identified as terrorists. Terrorism can be defined as an unlawful violence or war deliberately targeted to civilians. It can also be defined as a systematic use of terror to coerce or violent acts intended to create fear. This threat is normally perpetrated for religious, political or ideological goals. The conflict as also called by other names. They include World War III, The Long War, War on Terrorism, Bush’s War on Terror, The Global War of Terror and War on Al-Qaeda, (Coaty, 2010).
Terrorism became popular in 1996 when Al- Qaeda network was formed by the late Osama Bin Laden. The network was formed by the World Islamic Front for Jihad against Jews and their Crusaders. They declared war on the West and Israel. Immediately after its formation, there were bombings in U.S embassies in Kenya and Tanzania in 1998. Osama then plotted for the 2000 millennium attacks. There was an attempt to bomb Los Angeles International Airport but it was stopped. In October 2000, USS Cole bombing occurred. This was immediately followed by the renowned September 11 2001 terror attack. This marked the genesis of war on terror.
The essay explores on the topic understanding the war on terror by Patrick Coaty. This is done by an elaborate discussion on the measures of preventing terror. An evaluation is also done on how terror can be fought giving facts in each case. The evidences provided are mostly from the reference given. Some of them are also from the current terror fighting activities that are seen in several parts of the globe led by the U.S. The writing is then concluded by a brief summary of the entire discussion as shown below.
Prevention Measures on Terror
The September 11 attack made the world to become alert on terror. U. S government and the world states put several controls in order to escape other attacks. Legislations were passed to deal with terror. These laws were meant to freeze assets of terrorist groups. For instance the wealth of Sadaam Hussein was frozen just before Iraq was invaded by the U.S. because he was a terrorist. The laws were also used to empower police and authorize soldiers to fight against terror. This can be evidenced by the presence of both U.K and U.S troops in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Surveillance and intelligence activities were increased. The international community and the U.S strengthened security measures in most sensitive places like ports, bus stations, beaches, supermarkets and learning institutions. Nations have spent a lot of time and money in order to evade a repeat of September 11 terror attack. The United States have terror intelligence in almost every nation of the world. This measure has proved to be effective because many terror attacks have been thwarted. They include 2006 Sears Tower and 2007 John Kennedy International Airport terror plots among others.
Deny support, sponsorship and sanctuary to terrorism. It was discovered that some personalities and states support terror. The strong nations like U.K and U.S then came in with the backing of United Nations to ensure that the terrorists are not supported in any way. International effort towards war on terror was then boosted. The administration of America worked with the willing nations, enabled weak nations as they compelled the unwilling ones. Material support for terrorists were disrupted and interdicted by the U.S forces and allies all over the world. Their havens and sanctuaries also got eliminated.
U.S decided to defend citizens and interests at home and abroad. America has large business network, aid programmes and embassy centers. Al- Qaeda network primarily targets the Americans, Jews and their friends. This is why the policy for National Strategy for Homeland Security was implemented. The Bush Administration developed it to improve on incident management capability to protect U.S citizens abroad. It was...
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