The Various Crises That Faced the United States at the End of the Civil War in 1865.

Topics: Temperance movement, Prohibition in the United States, Alcoholic beverage Pages: 2 (526 words) Published: March 6, 2013
Zihan Zhang
Dr. Pruitt
HIST 1302
Outlawing Satan’s Drink: The Prohibition Experiment
In United States, “Getting drunk, plastered, loaded, tanked, sloshed, smashed, stewed and stoned is an old American tradition.” But “dry” and “wet” Americans have differ on whether prohibition. There are something deeper than “dry” and “wet”, but rather the “pursuit of happiness” versus religious pursuit of righteousness.(Carlson 143-149)

In 1620, the first booze came to America was on the Mayflower. Then on the ship, people carried more beer than water.(143) The Puritans on the ship didn’t oppose drinking, they just opposed drinking too much. The famed Puritan preacher Increase Mather wrote that “Drink is in itself a good Creature of God, and to be received with thankfulness, but the abuse of drink is from satan.”(144) Not only Puritans, America’s native-born also like drinking.(145) “In the early 1800s, Americans drank more booze than at any time before or since-more than five gallons of pure alcohol per person per year,” and W.J. Rorabaugh even described the Americans’ daily drinking in his classic 1979 book, The Alcoholic Republic.(145) With Americans moved west, “the first sign of civilization in many new towns was a saloon or several saloons.” People drinking in the saloon also enjoy cultural offerings by the saloons.(145) Booze also have a big effect to American pharmacy, because wine in many pharmaceutical formulations, and people “was siad to have steadied the nerves of Union soldiers at the Battle of Gettysburg.”(145) Without these, booze also have a big effect to American culture, because much of America’s greatest literature, best art, Jazz, classical music, they are hard drinkers.(148) However in United States,”dry” Americans, the prohibitionists believed that “saloon were the world’s prime sources of evil”.(145) There are two famous groups of prohibition in American history, the Prohibition Party and the Woman’s Christian Temperance Union. In the...
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