UNIVAC (an Acronym for UNIVersal Automatic Computer) is the name of a business unit and division of the Remington Rand company formed by the 1950 purchase of the Eckert-Mauchly Computer Corporation, founded four years earlier by ENIAC inventors John Adam Presper Eckert Jr., an American electrical engineer and computer pioneer and John William Mauchly, an American physicist. Eckert and Mauchly together invented the first general-purpose electronic digital computer, the ENIAC, and pioneered fundamental computer concepts including stored programming, subroutines and programming languages. The UNIVAC was the first commercial computer in the United States which incorporated Eckert’s invention of the mercury delay line memory. The UNIVAC name also refers to the associated line of computers which continues to this day in one of the two such lines offered by Unisys. Unisys was formed when Burroughs bought Sperry which held the evolved UNIVAC division.
Remington Rand was an early American business machines manufacturer, best known originally as a typewriter manufacturer and in later incarnation as the manufacturer of the UNIVAC line of computers, but with antecedents in Remington Arms in the early nineteenth century. For a time the word UNIVAC was recognized as a generic synonym for computer, the way Band-Aid® is synonymous with adhesive bandages today.
The Burroughs Corporation was a major manufacturer of business equipment. The company was founded in 1886 as the American Arithmometer Company and was assimilated in the 1986 merger that resulted in the creation of Unisys. The company’s history paralleled many of the developments in computing. At it’s start it produced mechanical adding machines, and later moved into programmable ledgers and then computers. And while it was one of the largest producers of mainframe computers in the world, Burroughs also produced related equipment as well, including typewriters and printers.
Sperry Corporation was a major American...
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Surhone, Lambert M., Mariam T. Tennoe, and Susan F. Hennsonow. UNIVAC 1107. Betascript, 2010. Print.
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