The United Nations and Control of Weapons of Mass Destructions: a Study of Iran’s Nuclear Power Development Project.
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Power acquisition has become an integral part of international relations and to that extent generates conflict. As the days go by, more conflict will be ravaging the world and the concomitant effects of which have been destruction of lives and property. The most alarming is the means through which these conflicts are carried out, that is the nature and character of weapons applied during such conflict, as a matter of fact, Brown (2006) was of the opinion that conflict must occur as far as there are nations inter-play at the centre stage of world politics. Accordingly, what is most alarming is the means through which such conflicts are carried out.
In buttressing these fact, Danladi (1999) reiterated that the use of force of nuclear weapons during armed conflicts have not only reduced the world’s population but also, set the entire world ablaze on strategic and nuclear war. The magnitude of Iran’s nuclear proliferation has become a big worry to the United State and the International community at large especially on the construction of the Bushehr nuclear power plant, the restriction of IAEA inspectors’ access to Parchin site where the IAEA believes high explosives research pertinent to nuclear weapons may have taken place. Iran continued to install thousands of additional centrifuges in its main enrichment plant at Natanz and in a smaller facility at Fordow buried deep underground.
Consequently, the United States did not fold its hands in ensuring the fight against the proliferation of nuclear weapons especially as it concerns Iran. The United States has been mobilizing forces against Iran to frustrate their nuclear weapon ambition. Iran became a signatory of the Non- proliferation treaty (NPT) in 1968 and in 1986; the USSR signed a nuclear technology co-operation agreement with Iran.
Furthermore, the protocol was expanded in 1992 when two intergovernmental agreements were signed with Russia: One for nuclear