1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Power acquisition has become an integral part of international relations and to that extent generates conflict. As the days go by, more conflict will be ravaging the world and the concomitant effects of which have been destruction of lives and property. The most alarming is the means through which these conflicts are carried out, that is the nature and character of weapons applied during such conflict, as a matter of fact, Brown (2006) was of the opinion that conflict must occur as far as there are nations inter-play at the centre stage of world politics. Accordingly, what is most alarming is the means through which such conflicts are carried out.
In buttressing these fact, Danladi (1999) reiterated that the use of force of nuclear weapons during armed conflicts have not only reduced the world’s population but also, set the entire world ablaze on strategic and nuclear war. The magnitude of Iran’s nuclear proliferation has become a big worry to the United State and the International community at large especially on the construction of the Bushehr nuclear power plant, the restriction of IAEA inspectors’ access to Parchin site where the IAEA believes high explosives research pertinent to nuclear weapons may have taken place. Iran continued to install thousands of additional centrifuges in its main enrichment plant at Natanz and in a smaller facility at Fordow buried deep underground.
Consequently, the United States did not fold its hands in ensuring the fight against the proliferation of nuclear weapons especially as it concerns Iran. The United States has been mobilizing forces against Iran to frustrate their nuclear weapon ambition. Iran became a signatory of the Non- proliferation treaty (NPT) in 1968 and in 1986; the USSR signed a nuclear technology co-operation agreement with Iran.
Furthermore, the protocol was expanded in 1992 when two intergovernmental agreements were signed with Russia: One for nuclear energy cooperation and another for the construction of the Bushehr nuclear power plant. As a matter of fact, the United States has descended on Iran to stop her from furthering its production and possession of nuclear power capabilities in the interest of the entire world peace and security.
Today, the United State is against Iran’s nuclear programme based on the fact that once Iran obtains nuclear weapons, it is believed to use it as a deterrent against external, primarily America’s conventional military coercion and thus, boost up its confidence which will result to the same aggression it had in the early 1990’s. A nuclear-armed Iran would immediately limit the United States freedom of action in the Middle East.
1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The campaign for Non-proliferation of nuclear weapons by some nations of the world has become part of United States foreign policy, following the sophisticated momentum in the contemporary world. Therefore, the overriding guest for nations to acquire nuclear capabilities in the 21st century should not be swept under the carpet and Iran has been in the main picture of this matter. However, the United States has been making efforts to stop nuclear proliferation by Iran and to give evidence in relation to this proliferation plans, Kerr (2012) observed that, Tehran’s construction of Gas- Centrifuges-Based-Uranium enrichment facilities. Gas centrifuges enrich uranium by spinning uranium hexafluoride gas at high speeds to increase the concentration of the Uranium-235 isotope. Such centrifuged can produce both low-enriched uranium which can be used in nuclear power reactors and highly enriched Uranium, which is one of the two types of fissile materials used in nuclear weapons.
In December 2002, the United States accused Iran of attempting to develop Weapons of Mass Destruction (WMD). This accusation, steamed from satellite images of nuclear reactors in Natanz and Arak. France, Germany, Russia, China and others have since...
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