The United Nations: 1940's-1950's, Present, and Future

Topics: United Nations, Peacekeeping, World War II Pages: 8 (2346 words) Published: February 19, 2001
The United Nations: 1940's-1950's, Present, and Future

Jeff Patch
Mr. Newman/Mrs. Roll
December 1, 2000

The United Nations: 1940's-1950's, Present, and Future

Thesis: The role of the United Nations has changed from being primarily an international peacekeeping force to primarily a humanitarian organization.

I. History
II. 1940's and 1950's: International Peacekeeping
A. Creation of the United Nations
B. Peacekeeping Missions
III. Present Day: Humanitarian Efforts
A. Transition
B. Missions
IV. Future: One World Government
A. Coming About
B. Benefits

The United Nations: 1940's-1950's, Present, and Future

The United Nations was created in a time of uneasy peace between the nations of the world. World War II had just ended. The League of Nations, the predecessor to the United Nations failed to prevent war. It, not unlike the American government when it was first created, did not have enough power to follow through with its decisions. After the war it was clearly seen that some major changes would have to be undertaken in order correct the problems that plagued the League of Nations.

The League of Nations did not have any power to execute its decisions. It could not stop Hitler from invading the European countries or do much of anything else. This is major weakness for any organization and could not exist in the United Nations. The League of nations was also weak politically with the United States being a major world power and not supporting it. At this point the United States still had very isolationistic ideals and did not feel any desire to be tied to the political or social problems of Europe. Now that the United States had dove head first into World War II and was a world power rivaled only with the Soviet Union, it had no reason not to be a part of the United Nations.

All governments evolve and seem to have a trial and error process. The United Nations is like the second phase in the creation of a world government. The League of Nations clearly failed every purpose in every way, except to act as a stepping stone for something better. That better organization that was created is the United Nations.

The goal of the United Nations when it was first created was to keep peace between the nations of the world. In the Charter for the United Nations it is stated the purpose of the United Nations is "to maintain international peace and security," "to develop friendly relations among nations," "to achieve international cooperation in solving economic problems," and "to harmonize the actions of nations in to attain common ends." (Charter 322)

The United Nations was designed so that all the nations belonging, no matter how big or how small, would have complete equality. It was quickly adopted by the United States and fifty other countries. This feature of equality was a very important. The attraction for other countries is that it let them feel like they would have a say in the General Assembly. This aspect is a major reason why the United Nations now has grown to include 185 nations, almost every country in the world. (Charter 321)

Once the Cold War started, the United Nations had its hands full. The Soviet Union created the Cominform in order to get

other countries to adopt communism. The United States was on a mission to stop communism from spreading. The most distressing part of this conflict is that both countries had nuclear weapons all over the world backing their words. (Vandenberg 518)

The United Nations first peacekeeping mission took place the same year Israel became a nation. Once Britain granted Israel its independence, the surrounding Arab nations attacked right away. After a few weeks of war the United Nations helped to work out a truce between the nations. United Nations forces are still there monitoring the situation, but right now it seems that there will never be peace in that area,...

Cited: "Charter of the United Nations." The Annals of America 16 1976): 321- 331
McGovern, George
Morris, Christopher. "United Nations Forces in Bosnia." photograph. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, 2000 ed.
Reuters. "United Nations Peacekeepers." photograph. Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, 2000 ed.
Roosevelt, Eleanor. "The United Nations." The Annals of America 16(1976): 613-617
Truman, Harry S
"UN in Brief." United Nations. Sep. 2000. 29 Nov. 2000
"United Nations." Microsoft Encarta Encyclopedia, 2000 ed.
"United Nations Peacekeeping Forces." Microsoft Encarta
Encyclopedia, 2000 ed.
"Universal Declaration of Human Rights." OHCHR: English Universal Declaration of Human Rights. 1998. 26 Nov. 2000
UPI/The Bettmann Archive
Vandenberg, Arthur H. "Collective Security Within the United Nations." The Annals of America 16 (1976): 518-519
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