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The Triple Entente

By Morningstr Sep 11, 2011 733 Words
Modern History Essay – The Triple Entente

Discuss one alliance in existence in 1914, mentioning at least two important points such as; Geography, Arms Race, Nationalism, Expansionism, Historical Significance, Blood Ties/Natural Ties.

The outbreak of The Great War in 1914 was due to escalated tension between several countries, which resulted in forming a number of alliances. European countries created alliances because of fear. Countries became more scared of each other, and therefore decided to outline agreements in case of war. The Triple Entente was a significant alliance that was made between Russia, France and Britain to contradict the increasing threat from Germany, as well as prevent German Expansion in Europe. The Triple Entente was the name given to the alliance between Britain, Russia and France, after the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente in 1907. In 1904 Britain and France had already allied together in the Entente Cordiale, which was created after France had finished the Franco-Russian Alliance in 1894. The Triple Entente was formed to combat aggressively against Germany. Kaiser Wilhelm’s intentions for a great empire formed a great deal of hate against Germany from various other countries.1[Wikispaces, Discussion Pg.] The Franco-Russian Alliance, along with the Anglo-Russian Entente and the Entente Cordiale, formed the Triple Entente between Britain, France and Russia.2 [Wikipedia, Triple Entente, Pg 1] Russia had been a member of the League of the Three Emperors with Austria-Hungary and Germany, until its collapse during 1884. German Chancellor Bismarck tried to keep an alliance with Russia which resulted in the Reinsurance Treaty of 1887. But, when Bismarck was dismissed from being Chancellor in 1890, Kaiser Wilhelm II failed to renew the Reinsurance Treaty and Russia formed a military alliance with France. Although Russia had the largest army of all the six European Powers, they struggled immensely when it came to the economic side of war. Britain was asked to create an alliance with Germany, but because of their vast disagreements with Germany's ideas and military goals, they did not join them. Britain knew that they would not be able to defeat Germany on their own, because the strength they held as an army was focused mainly on the naval area as a defence line for their colonies. The French Army was in a completely different situation to Britain as their army consisted of 400,000 regular soldiers which was their main focus. Due to these differences Britain and France became allies because they feared the strength Germany would hold as an army. By the early Twentieth Century Britain and Germany were at war against each other. The Triple Entente became more serious after the outbreak of the Great War in 1914. In 1915 Italy joined the alliance, and the Triple Entente was known as the alliance that opposed the Central Powers, which involved Germany and Austria Hungary. Nationalist leaders thought they had to make their country stronger and more powerful than neighbouring countries by using a number of different techniques to create a stronger empire.3[Ch.22 Nationalism, Pg 1] Before WWI Britain had the strongest navy, was a very wealthy country, was an industrialized and independent country, and was the largest empire. France spent a vast amount of money to help increase their armed forces, had a population of 40 million, and armed forces of 900,000, before WWI. Russia, before WWI, had an enormous army consisting of 1,300,000, but had poor equipment and was poorly trained. They had also just been defeated by the Japanese and struggled economically. Germany, before WWI, contained an army of 700, 00, was well trained and had modern equipment. The positioning of the countries in The Triple Entente (Russia, Britain and France) gave them a minor advantage with their offense. The countries involved in the Triple Entente, encircle Germany which would have given them a chance to attack Germany from the rear as well as the front. The Great War in 1914 was the result of leaders' aggression towards other countries which was supported by the rising nationalism of the European nations. Economic situations and fear of war encouraged military alliances as well as an arms race, which created further tension contributing to the outbreak of war. The Triple Entente was a successful alliance that remained strong throughout The Great War in 1914 withholding their status of capability, skill and strength.

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