The Transition from Mythology to Philosophy

Topics: Philosophy, God, Medieval philosophy Pages: 2 (642 words) Published: February 18, 2014
The transition from Mythology to Philosophy include events which brought the transitions, early philosophers, What kind of philosophical thought prevailed during the Middle Ages along with key Church philosopher of the later Middle Ages. It is also important to discuss myths and philosophers beliefs during transition.The middle, Pre-Socratic philosophers attempted to explain the world around them in more natural terms than those who relied on mythological explanations that divided the labor among human-looking gods. One of the most heavily debated topics of the period was that of faith versus reason. Some of the popular myths of that times are The Goddess of All Things (Eurynome) established order from Chaos by coupling with either a great snake or the North Wind, and giving birth to Eros. Eurynome separated the sky from the sea, and populated Oceanus with many exotic creatures. Also, birth of Zeus, who wins the battle against his father Cronus and establishes his home, and that of his favored gods, on Mount Olympus. Other cultures also told many myths in an attempt to explain nature and the existence of man. In Norse mythology, Thor rode through the heavens in his chariot during a thunderstorm, and whenever he threw his hammer, lightning flashed. Thor was the protector of both gods and humans against evil forces. Few example of early philosopher and there beliefs can be ; St. Anselm of Canterbury was a neo Platonist, and he is best known for his efforts at coming up with a logical proof of God’s existence -- the famous ontological proof: Since we can think of a perfect being, he must exist, since perfection implies existence. Roscellinus of Amorica in Brittany was the founder of nominalism, another approach to universals. A universal, he said, is just a “flatus voices”. Only individuals actually exist. Words, and the ideas they represent, refer to nothing. Medieval philosophy is conventionally construed as the philosophy of Western Europe between the...

Bibliography: De Beata Vita is translated in The Works of Saint Augustine: A Translation for the 21st Century, vol 1.3, New City Press, 1990–.
Fitzgerald, Allan D. (ed.) (1999): Augustine Through the Ages: An Encyclopedia, William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1999.
Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy. (n.d.). Retrieved February 7, 2014 from http://www.iep.utm.edu/aquinas/

Stanford Encylopedia of Philosophy. (1999). Retrieved February 7, 2014 from http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/aquinas/#
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