The trail

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Quiz # 2 Vargas Chapter 8
The Mexican American People in the War Time Era
a. The Mexican American community participation into the war effort was a result of the hardships that they faced. The democratic principles of President Roosevelt's Four Freedoms did not find their way into the minorities. Mexican Americans were deeply affected by constant discrimination. While it is true that the war created many opportunities for training and advancement in the industries involved in war production, these were given to the Anglo community. During this time, there was also a high need of housing and most Mexican Americans did not have the means to secure them. Some employers used propaganda as a way to counter attack the demands of the Mexican American workers, who were pressing for improved job conditions, and respect of their civil liberties. The result of this propaganda machine reached its zenith in 1943.As many cities faced race riots, that later resulted into domestic battlefields and became a symbol of the wartime prejudice. The federal government realized that due to international considerations this was a crucial matter, and they started to pay more attention to the Spanish Speaking people's fight for racial equality. To a great number of Mexican American, enlisting in the armed forces was the opportunity for training that they sought. Serving in the military also helped them to demonstrate their loyalty and love for this country. Due to flaws in the draft process, more Mexican Americans were exposed to military service than their Anglo counterparts. There was also another factor that triggered many to serve in the armed forces, and that was that the military offered them equality of opportunity that they could not find in civilian life.

Before World War II began the living conditions of the vast majority of Mexican Americans were awful, they migrated from field to field following the crops in search of work as farm laborers. Their children often

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