The three philosophies were ruled during the time of the Shang dynasty. They are Legalism, Confucianism, and Daoism. Legalism was a philosophy of punishment. Confucianism was a philosophy of peace ( but did have some rules). Daoism was a philosophy of peace, being laid-back, and kindness.
Legalism was a philosophy of punishment. Legalism was based on the teachings of Hanfezi. Hanfezi lived from 280-233 b.c.e. He was also a royal prince from the state of Han. Legalism was used from 253 b.c.e. Hanfezi had a book named after himself, which contains all of his ideas today. Legalism was based on the idea that all people were naturally selfish. Legalist said, “People always pursue their own self interest. They could …show more content…
this philosophy was based on the teachings of Kongfuzi. He was born in the small country of Lu, Eastern China. He experienced first hand the chaos that went out when the lords fought for power. Kongfuzi deeply respected chinese traditions, such as reverence given to scholars. He also saw that society and government had to change if there was ever going to be peace and order in China. Confucianism was formed in 500 b.c.e, it was used there on. He also had books that explained that philosophy. Much of what Kongfuzi taught was revolutionary at the time. He mainly taught social teachings and political teachings too.
Daoism was a philosophy of peace, being laid-back, and kindness. Laozi was the creator of daoism. He was said to be the author of dao-de-jing. Daoism influenced rulers to rule less harshly. Daoism really, tried, (and succeeded) to influence china's tought. Daoism grew quickly from200-700 A.D, were more ritual practice emerged. Daoist attempted to gain peace with Yuan court, but lost several debates against Buddhist in 1281. As a result to that many Daoist texts were burned. But true harmony comes from balancing the opposites in nature, called the Yin and Yang, Yin means shaded, but Yang means