The common conception of human beings sees them as unsocialized, irrational and destructive to themselves and others. The client-centred point of view sees people as basically forward thinking, rational and social. Antisocial emotions such as hostility and jealousy are not seen as aspects of human nature which are spontaneous outbursts which need to be controlled but rather as reactions to more basic impulses such as love, belonging and security being frustrated. The person centred perspective sees people as basically cooperative, trustworthy and constructive when freed from defensive behaviours. Individuals are considered to have the capacity to become aware of the factors of their psychological maladjustment and will tend to move towards a state of adjustment. Person Centred Counselling concentrates on qualities of attitudes and relationships, particularly, between therapist and client.
Knowledge of key concepts of person centred theory
The organismic self is the true self before it becomes corrupted by the self concept. This true self is only completely intact for a small space of time as infants. An infant’s experience puts them self at the centre of reality Rogers believed that the developing organism strives to make the very best of their existence and responds to the world in an organised way because of their need to become “actualized” this is known as the “actualizing tendency”. Rogers considers that organisms know what is good for them. If we are hungry we find food and we make sure the food
References: Barrett-Lennard, G.T. (1993). The phases and focus of empathy. British Journal of Medical Psychology, 66,3-14. Nelson- Jones, R. (2006) Theory and practice of counselling and therapy, 4th Ed., Sage, London Prouty Dryden, W., (2007), Dryden 's handbook of individual therapy (5th ed) Sage Pub.London Mearns D., & Thorne, B., (2007), Person Centred Counselling in Action (3rd Edition) Sage Publications, London Rogers, C., (2003) Client Centred Therapy: Its current practice, implications and theory Constable, London