The Teleological Argument for the Existence of God

Topics: Universe, Charles Darwin, Watchmaker analogy Pages: 3 (1175 words) Published: April 16, 2013
“Outline the key features of the design argument for the existence of God” “With such signs of forethought in the design of living creatures can you doubt that they are the work of choice or design?” this first recording of the Design Argument occurred in 390 BC when Xenophon quoted Socrates of his observation that the features of the world and universe are so perfectly adapted to work together and fulfil a purpose, that this shows evidence of design behind the creation of the universe. This helps to strengthen the idea that because there is design, there must be a designer. The design argument is also known as the Teleological argument, which comes from the Greek word Telos, meaning end or purpose. It is a Posteriori argument, due to the fact it is based on evidence of the world around us, this evidence, being evidence of Design. The design argument originates from pre-Christian ideas, which, over time, has been adopted by Christian beliefs. The early philosopher Plato, student of Socrates, believed of a supreme wisdom and intelligence as the creator of the cosmos (universe) in his work “Timaeus”, specifying a designer, not a creator. Also, in the philosopher Aristotle’s (384-322 BC) argued for the existence of a divine by developing the idea of the creature of the cosmos (universe) in his work “Metaphysics”, often referred to as the Prime Mover. This prime Mover, he believed, used materials provided to create the universe, with the intent of order and purpose in mind. The Teleological argument was later developed into Christian ideas by Aquinas, (1224-74) who used it to form the 5th argument of his “five ways” which he believed proved the existence of God. Aquinas argued from design qua regularity. This looks at design in relation to the order of the universe. He believed this could not have happened by chance and since many objects do not have the intelligence to work towards and end or purpose, they must be directed by something with the...
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