The Teleological (Design/creation) argument
Teleological arguments are arguments from the order in the universe to the existence of God. The name “the teleological argument” is derived from the Greek word telos, meaning end or purpose. The most plausible suggestion is that the universe is so because it was created by an intelligent being in order to accomplish that purpose, than it is so to suppose that it is this way by chance. William Paley made the most cited statement of the argument, and he linked the universe to a watch, with many ordered parts working in harmony to further some purpose. He implied that the complexity, order and purpose of the universe implies intelligent design. Modern teleological arguments look different to that constructed by Paley – he was impressed by the appearance of design in biological systems such as the eye, or animals however modern teleological arguments often find evidence of design in physics. One advantage that this gives modern design arguments over Paley’s is that they are les vulnerable to attacks based on evolution theory. It is an objection to Paley’s argument that evolution can explain the appearance of biological design; evolutionary processes, though, do not apply to the laws of nature Although teleological arguments are often referred to as arguments from design those who oppose such arguments sometimes object to this. Antony Flew, in particular, has done this, repeatedly and pointedly calling the argument the argument to design. If the universe contains design then there must be some intelligent agent that designed it. Although a few dispute this, speaking nature, or evolution, as our designers, this appears to be a simple linguistic truth.
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