The Team Process
Octavis T. Smiley
This section explores how teams are formed within organizations, from identifying the need for a group, identifying its characteristics, forming the group, and finally developing effective teams within the group. There are 4 types of groups, formal, informal, secondary and primary, each having its own dynamics but all having a foundation that requires a collection of people with different skill sets and personalities, to come together and achieve a common goal.
There are several types of teams that can be formed within any organization in order to achieve a set goal; the objective of the team will shape its identity during its formation and execution of its assigned tasks. The definitions below will help begin the process of team building. A formal group is created within an organization to complete a specific role or task. This may be a one off objective such as the launch of a particular product or service or a permanent/ongoing objective such as the provision of Information Technology (IT). Informal groups are established by individuals who decide they want to interact with each other. Informal groups usually do not have a specific purpose; often the group forms because the group members regularly happen to be in the same location or because they enjoy each other's company. For example people may form a group because they sit close together in an office or live together in a house. A primary group is made up of a small group of people who interact regularly. A small team with a leader is an example of a primary group. A family can also be called a primary group. Within the primary group, values, beliefs and culture are all very important. When a large number of people get together, who do not normally get together, it is called a secondary group. Secondary group members do not get the opportunity to get to know each other as well as primary group members because the interaction with each other is less than in a primary group. When a secondary group is formed, individuals usually have their own agenda and goals. The relationship they form is not long term and social interaction within a secondary group is likely to be low (Certo, 2012).
Teams have several characteristics that help accomplish the goals set for them. Some of the characteristics of an effective team are (Army Team Building, 2009): Trusting each other and being able to predict what each other will do. Working together to accomplish the mission.
Executing tasks thoroughly and quickly.
Meeting and exceeding the standard.
Thriving on demanding challenges.
Learning from their experiences and developing pride in their accomplishments.
The formation of the team requires that managers and leaders must guide them through three developmental stages: Formation
The formation stage is the most critical; this stage builds the foundation of the team and establishes normalcies within the team. According to (Kanaga, 2001), there are five facets of the formation of the team: Set a clear direction. A common sense of purpose unifies team members and provides a context within which they can understand how the team functions and how their own contributions play a part. Build organizational support. Teams are more productive when they are able to operate within an organization that provides resources that support their efforts. Create a team structure that empowers team members. Establishing shared expectations, identifying and organizing resources, and creating a clear sense of how the team goes about doing its work, allows team members to focus their efforts on achieving the team’s goal. Identify key relationships. Building key relationships with individuals, other teams and organizations allows more efficient and effective flow of resources into and from your team. Monitor external factors....
Cited: (2009). Army Team Building. In U. Army, Leadership (pp. 8-90).
Certo, S. C. (2012). MODERN MANAGEMENT.
Daugherty, K. (1997). Leadership Management. Retrieved from www.leadershipmanagement.com
Kanaga, K. (2001). Forming an effective team. Ipswich: Business source complete.
Topchik, G. (2007). The First Time Managers Guide to Team Building. New York: AMACOM.
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