Year of Construction
: 22 years
: Shah Jahan
Bano Begum), the wife of Shah
: Agra (Uttar Pradesh)
ahal stands in the city of Agra in the northern Indian
State of Uttar Pradesh, on the banks of Yamuna River. The Taj Mahal was built by Mughal Emperor, Shah Jahan in memory of
favorite wife Mumtaz
Mahal, also known as Arjumand
Begum. The Mughal
Emperor Shah Jahan ruled from 1628 to 1658. He married
Bano Begum in 1612 A.D. He called his wife Mumtaz
Mahal or Crown of the Palace, because she was very precious to him. The Empress Mumtaz used to accompany her husband in
his journey and military campaigns. In 1631, on a campaign at Burhanpur with the Emperor, Mumtaz
Mahal took her last breath
giving birth to their 14th child. It is believed that, her dying wish to Shah Jahan was that he should "build a tomb in her memory such as the world had never seen before."
Building of Taj
Mahal began in 1632 and completed around
1653. It took 22 years for the Taj
Mahal to be completed. A
huge labor force of 20,000 workers and 1000 elephants to built the Taj
Mahal. The most skilled architecture, in lay craftsmen,
calligraphers, stone carars and masons came from all over India and lands as far as Persia and Turkey. It is build totally out of white marble. The structure combines ingredients of Persian, India, Islamic and Turkish styles of architecture.
The cost of
building the Taj
Mahal was 32 million rupees.
: Sultan Mohammed Quli
: Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
"Mosque of the Four Minarets"
is the most famous monument in the city of
The Charminar was built by Muhammad Quli
Shah in 1591 to commemorate the eradication of plague, shortly after he had shifted his capital from Golconda to what now is known as Hyderabad. Legends has it that the emperor Quli
Shah prayed for the end of plague and took the vow to build a masjid on that very place. He ordered the construction of the masjid which became popular as Charminar because of its four characteristic minarets. The top floor of the four-storeyed
structure has a masjid which has 45 covered prayer spaces and some open space to accommodate more people in Friday
Charminar is a squarish structure with four towers in the four corners of the square, each of whose sides is 20 metres in
length. Every side opens into a plaza through giant arches,
which overlook four major thoroughfares and dwarf other
features of the building except the minarets. Each arch is 11 metres wide and rises 20 metres to the pinnacle from the plinth.
The minarets soar skywards by 24 metres from the roof of
Charminar. Each minaret has four storeys, each looking like a delicately carved ring around the minaret.
Charminar is often called as "The Arc de triomphe of the East". It is considered as the legendary masterpiece of Qutub
Mahal & The
Abid M. Raza
Class IV B
Roll No. 1
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