The Synagogue Research Paper

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Topics: Judaism, Halakha, Torah
Introduction
Out of dark times for the nation of Israel, the Jewish Synagogue was born (Kohler 1929, 3). Since then, the Synagogue has endured on throughout the centuries up to present time. The word synagogue means “assembly” in the Greek language (Harmony of Life, 1996). After the being defeated by the Babylonians and taken into exile, the Jews were heart broken and crushed. Time concerning events in Israel, can be split into three sections centered around the exile to Babylon: pre-exilic, exilic, and post-exilic. Earlier, in pre-exilic era, Israel had many problems remaining faithful to God. Although, through that time, God had constantly defended them and granted them victory and prosperity. However, the Jews turned to idols and turned
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He does not share His deity with any other, and He is the Almighty God of Israel (Kohler 1929, 138). The second principle is that the Laws of Moses are to be the inheritance of Jacob’s congregation. These are the Laws that God gave Moses concerning the Israelites, and are especially included in the Torah (Kohler 1929, 141). The third principle concerns the Kingdom of God and the Messiah. The Jews looked (and are still seeking) for the glorious king figure as the Messiah. The Jews felt let down when the Messiah did not come at the time of the Babylonian exile nor did he come soon after (Kohler 1929, 143). When Jesus did come, many of the Jews failed to recognize Him as of the Messiah.
Significant Architectural Features of Ancient Synagogues
The Earliest Type All of the synagogue buildings were oriented with the direction in Jerusalem was. The earliest synagogues had three entrances that faced Jerusalem (Avi-Yonah 1962, 98). Michael Avi-Yonah states about the early synagogues of Israel,
In the interior, it was constructed like a basilica with two rows of columns and a third transversal row behind the doors. The hall, paved with stone slabs, was otherwise bare of ornament, except for a frieze running along the upper gallery. As yet there was no shrine for the Torah scrolls; instead, they were placed in a receptacle which was brought into the room as needed (Avi-Yonah 1962, 98).

The Second Type of

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