The Symphony Orchestra
The relationship between a core and periphery can be described like the relationship between a conductor and an orchestra. The core is like the main source or power and the periphery is what feeds off of the core. In the case between the conductor and an orchestra, the conductor would be the core and the orchestra would be the periphery. The orchestra is the periphery because it is gaining information or instructions on when each instrument should be playing. The conductor is controlling the sound of the orchestra and determines when certain instruments play. There are many examples of core and peripheries in the world and only a handful of examples will be discussed.
From paper 1, the relationship of core and periphery is discussed between the British East Indian Company and China. At first, China was the core and the British East Indian Company was the periphery. China was the core because China had the balance of trade tipping towards them. When China was asking only for silver for trade, Britain had no choice but to only trade silver because China was such a big country and the size of the country made it seem like they had an enormous amount of power. Tea was a good that China had and what Britain demanded. So the source of tea was in China and Britain had to follow instructions in only trading silver so that they could obtain tea. China was also the core because they had many goods that Britain and other Western countries wanted. The core and periphery relationship was starting to switch when the opium wars were happening. When British people were smuggling in opium to China, they were starting to have the balance of trade fall back into equilibrium because opium was a good that the people of China were demanding and the only source of opium was from Britain. When the opium wars were finished, it seemed like Britain had become the core and China had become the periphery because Britain had gained a lot of the trading rights between China. Britain had gained many ports for them to trade at and was able to trade opium legally. This especially gave a lot more power to Britain because China was craving opium at that point and Britain’s trading power was growing as more people from China were willing to trade different types of goods for opium. Also China wasn’t as strong as they looked because Britain was a much smaller country than China but was able to defeat in the opium wars.
From paper 2, Africa is the core and the rest of the world is the periphery. People may wonder how Africa could possibly be the source of anything. It is true that Africa would be the periphery if the discussion were about mobile phones and Africa obtaining mobile phones from around the world. But the relationship that I found interesting is the fact that Africa was the first continent to implement mobile banking with mobile phones. Countries such as Norway and Japan used mobile banking, but not the way Africa used it and certainly didn’t have the impact mobile banking had on the way African people lived their lives. Africa would be the core in the sense that the rest of the world picked up the impact mobile banking had on a large scale economy. Without Africa implanting mobile banking, the world may not have used mobile banking until much later on. The rest of the world was gaining information about the mobile banking system in Africa and was starting to use the methods that Africa was using into their own economies.
Another example of core and periphery is Bloomington and it’s hinterland. Bloomington would be the core and the hinterland would be the periphery. The city of Bloomington has a beautiful campus and attracts people to come and look at the campus. This brings people in to spend money on products that were made locally like Upland beer. The hinterland are benefitting from Bloomington because they are getting business from people other then those who live in Bloomington. Bloomington is the core...
Cited: Fox, Killian. "Africa 's Mobile Economic Revolution." The Guardian. Guardian News and Media, 23 July 2011. Web. 18 July 2013.
Hickman, Kennedy. "Second Opium War: Overview." About.com Military History. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 July 2013.
"HLRGazette Archives." British East India Co, & The Opium Wars. N.p., n.d. Web. 06 July 2013.
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