HS150D: World Civilizations
September 11th 2014
The Sui Dynasty, started from 581 and ended in 618, the Sui Dynasty lasted for only 38 years and had only three emperors. With a tyrannical second emperor - Emperor Yang, this dynasty was often compared to the Qin Dynasty (221 BC - 206 BC). However, the whole nation was reunified and certain economic and political advances were achieved in the period. At the end of the Northern and Southern Dynasties (386 - 589), the whole nation had undergone a long period of division. People who had endured sufferings of war were longing for the unification but neither the Northern Dynasties nor Southern Dynasties realized this goal. In Northern Zhou (557 - 581), Yang Jian, who was born to the noble class and was the Chengxiang (Prime Minister) of the last emperor, monopolized the political and military power and suppressed the separatist forces as well as some other royal forces. In 581, Yang Jian replaced Northern Zhou with Sui and proclaimed himself Emperor Wen. Thus Sui was founded, with Chang'an (currently Xian) the capital and Luoyang the auxiliary capital. In 589, the Sui Court defeated the last of the Southern Dynasties, Chen, and unified the whole nation. At reunification the society become more economically stable and thus societal functions became a more nature everyday thing. Ship building was incorporated in the skills industry and several other farming techniques were also established. Commerce was fairly prosperous at this time and a form of tax moderation was implemented. Tax moderation equally distributed the farm land and moderated the tax rate while increasing and building the revenue on a fiscal basis for the whole dynasty. Three departments and six ministries were established as a political system, the first time in Chinese history. Under this system, the royal power was enhanced and the work division in the court became detailed. Since this period,...
Bibliography: 1. Harrell, Steven. M. (2005). Elements in History.
2. Walker, Jones, P. (2010). Ancient Times in our World.
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