THE SUFFICIENCY AND PERSPICUITY OF SCRIPTURE
THEOLOGY 3301: Doctrine of Scripture
September 27, 2014
In regards to the sufficiency of scripture, what is held to be true is Sola Scriptura (the notion that scripture is our highest authority and stands as the only sure and necessary guide for life and goodness) and the Reformation view of Church Leadership (the notion that the Apostolic office is closed and teaching office is used to serve the word). In regards to the perspicuity of scripture, what is held to be true is that scripture is clear enough in its content and meaning to be understood at an individual level to the point of salvation by any and all seeking to understand it. The sufficiency of scripture means “that Scripture contained all the words of God he intended his people to have at each stage of redemptive history, and that it now contains everything we need God to tell us for salvation, for trusting him perfectly, and for obeying”. Within this topic there lies a debate between the Roman Catholic and the Protestant over whether sacred scripture stands alone as all that is needed for trusting and obeying God perfectly. The Catholic Church argues that Sacred Tradition is as equally important as Sacred Scripture is for understanding and responding to the call of salvation. St. Thomas Aquinas views Sacred Tradition not as an “addition to Holy Writ [scripture], but something gathered from it”. However, this thought hinges on the idea that what the Catholic Church has gathered is completely accurate and truly reflects that of the actual scriptures (creeds, etc.). However, even if there are some discrepancies between scripture and the Catholic Church’s interpretation of scripture, Keifer states, “just as the New Testament supplements the Old Testament, Pope Benedict argues, the church's ongoing interpretation supplements both.”4 In analysis of this, Cunningham, in a discourse on sufficiency of scripture, describes the Roman Catholic view of Sacred...
Bibliography: Cunningham, William. "The Sufficiency of Scripture." Providence Baptist Ministries. http://www.pbministries.org/William%20Cunningham/historical_theology/chapter07_section02.htm (accessed September 26, 2014).
Grudem, Wayne A. and Jeff Purswell. Bible doctrine: essential teachings of the Christian Faith. Grand Rapids, Mich.: Zondervan, 1999
Keifer, James. "Sola Scriptura." Sola Scriptura. http://elvis.rowan.edu/~kilroy/CHRISTIA/library/sola-scr.html (accessed September 26, 2014).
Horton, Dr. Michael S.. "Modern Reformation." Modern Reformation. http://www.modernreformation.org/default.php?page=printfriendly&var1=Print&var2=1138 (accessed September 26, 2014).
Hodge, Charles. "Systematic Theology: The Protestant Rule of Faith." World Without End. http://www.audiowebman.org/start/books/charles_hidge/intro/intro_06.htm#05 (accessed September 26, 2014).
St. Thomas Aquinas. Summa Theologica. 2.1.9
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