THE STUDY ABOUT DENGUE IN THE PHILIPPINES
A Term Paper
Prof. Ma. Alona L. Manzon
Department of English
OUR LADY OF FATIMA UNIVERSITY
In Partial Fulfillment
Of the Requirements for
Basic Communication Skills 2
Second Semester 2014-2015
Valdez, Mylene L.
Penoliar, Jecylene Q.
Dengue also known as break bone fever is a mosquito to borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. It is an infectious disease caused viruses which are transmitted to humans by biting of a specific mosquito called Aedes Aegypti. Subsequent infection with a different type increases the risk of severe complications. As of now the Dengue does not have any vaccine but it can prevent by reducing the habitat and the number of mosquitoes and limiting exposure to bites. (Anonymous, n.d) The treatment of dengue to those affected patient is supported by the World Health Organization (WHO) and Department of Health (DOH). By these two organization the curing of dengue was been developed. (Anonymous, n.d) The Dengue fever can be risk and turn into dengue Hemorrhagic fever that consist of (3) three stages after it will turn into the last reaction of Dengue, the dengue shock Syndrome in this stage the disease cannot be cure. This disease can get anywhere and anytime if you do not have a right management. (Anonymous, n.d) In the Philippine Setting, dengue is reported as a leading cause of childhood hospitalization. So that the importance of early vaccination for young children in endemic regions when a vaccination become available. Epidemics of dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic fever occur every 3-4 years in the Philippines and together with other febrile illnesses in children they impose a considerable burden on the national health care system. (Capeding, 2012) The risk of dengue is not only in the Philippines it is also worldwide. In fact, the dengue was not stated in the Philippines it was reported in the French West Indies and panama. So that the prevention and management of this disease was not only in the Philippines it is worldwide. Background of the Study
Dengue The first recorded case of probable, dengue fever is in a Chinese Medical Encyclopedia from the Jin dynasty in the year of 265-420 AD which referred to a water poison associated with flying insects. The first recognized dengue epidemics occurred almost simultaneously in Asia, Africa and North America in the 1780’s, shortly after the identification and naming of the disease in 1779. The first confirmed case report dates from 1789 and is by Benjamin Rush, who gives the term break bone fever because of the symptoms of myalgia and arthralgia. (Dengue Virus Net., n.d) Dengue in the Philippines The involved large number of human volunteers recruited from U.S Army personnel performed their dengue studies in the Philippines. The first studies were made by Joseph Franklin Siler, Miltonweston Hall, and Arthur Parker Hitchens took place in 1924-1925, but the final study was conducted by James Stevens Simmons, Joseph Harold St. John, and Francois Hiie Kari Reynolds in 1923-1930. Both studies were originally published in the Philippine Journal Science and were reprinted with appendices by the Bureau of Printing, Manila. (Nishiura & Halstead, 2007)
Signs and Symptoms Dengue fever is an acute disease caused by a virus. The incubation period of an Aedes Aegypti is 3-15 days; symptoms may be seen between 7-10 days. It is found in the tropics and subtropics, is not an uncommon disease. These are the following symptoms: 1. Prodrome (stage before fever starts): malaise (not feeling well) and headache for (2) two days. 2. Acute onset: fever, back pain, joint pain, generalized body pains, pain on eye movement, nausea and vomiting. 3. Fever: Continuous high fever with break on fourth or fifth day usually lasts 7-8 days. 4. Rash: starts in 1-2 days on chest, hands, and legs. Before the rash appears, dengue is difficult to...
References: Anonymous (n.d). Dengue Fever. Retrieved from http://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dengue_fever
Capeding, Maria Rosario (2012). Dengue in the Philippines. Retrieved from http://www.denguematters.info/content/issue-7-dengue-philippines.
Dengue Virus Net (n.d). History of Dengue. Retrieved from http://www.denguevirusnet.com/history-of-dengue.htm
Nishiura, Hiroshi & Halstead, Scott B. (2007). Natural History of Dengue Virus (DENV)-1 and (DENV)-4 Infections: Reanalysis of Classic Studies. Retrieved from http://m.jid.oxfordjournals.org/content/195/7/1007.full
Little, David (n.d). Dengue-Homeopathic Treatment. Retrieved from http://www.prisma.net.bd/dengue.htm
Hicks, Rob (2004). Dengue. Retrieved from http://www.m.webmd.boots.com/a-to-z-guides/dengue?page=4
Normandin, Bree (2012). Dengue Fever. Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/dengue-fever#Prevention6
Stoltzfus, Seth & Yu, Winnie (2012). Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever Retrieved from http://www.healthline.com/health/dengue-hemorrhagic-fever#Treatmemt6
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