The Stroop Effect

Topics: Working memory, Stroop effect, John Ridley Stroop Pages: 7 (2555 words) Published: March 9, 2013
Tittle: The Stroop Effects theories and explanations

Jonathan James

Greenriver Community College

Tittle: The Stroop Effects theories and explanations

The research conducted is to present an observation of the participating subject’s behaviors during the test taking and then to make interferences from their behaviors to explain what is going on behind the scenes (mental processes). The subjects involved in this experiment are from three different age groups. Respectably, ages for the first group consist of people in their teens, the second group had someone between twenty and thirty years of age and the last group involves people from ages fifty to sixty. Before conducting any observations, the procedures will be presented to the participants, regarding what will be asked of them and what they will be doing. Disclaimer, due to absolute confidentiality purposes names of the people who were involved in this observation will not be mentioned in this paper. Procedure

The three different age groups of people will be asked to read the word and then to tell the observer, the color of the word and vice versa. While they are doing so, the observer will be making inferences about speed of thought processing and selective processing. Along with that, the observer will also be taking note of what the subject’s reactions and behaviors are. Below is the test, the candidates will be taking.

Questions asked during the observation are as follows:
Q: May I ask you to tell me what the words are and not the color of the words? Q: May I ask you to tell me the color of the words?
Q: What was going on in your mind when I asked you to read the word instead of telling me what the color of the word is? Q: What kind of suggestions do you have which would lead in helping this observation go more smoothly? Observation (Objective)

As a result of the observation conducted, most of the participants in the teens and early twenty year old groups’ reaction to the first question, which was to read the words and not to tell the color of the word in which it is printed in, began reading the words their eyebrows would raise up. After they were done they would have a big smile of accomplishment on their faces as if they had just won a marathon and took first place because of how fast they finished reading. Some of them kept mild facial expressions showing no emotions, there wasn’t even a glimmer of a smile or an eyebrow raise. In comparison, the thirty year old group had no trouble reading the word; at times they would just laugh because they were trying to finish fast and knew where they made mistakes. The main facial expressions included, raised eyebrows and smiling. Some of the participants revolved around continuous shaking of the leg and fiddling with the papers. The fifty to sixty year old group had many similar facial expressions as the other two groups but some of the people in this group paused for brief seconds and scanned the paper for the next coming words and then continued reading.

In contrast to just reading the words, the question was to say the color of the word instead of just reading the word. This is where the actual fun began. For the teenagers and the twenty year olds, this question threw them off to the point that some of them repeatedly said that they don’t understand what to do. All of the participants in this group did it right with the first question they were asked, which was to say the color of the word, but when they made an error they would just stop and stare at the paper in a complete daze. Then, after a couple of seconds they started, going fast on the color saying then stopped and started again. The group of thirty year olds would stick their tongue out and start laughing when they made errors, or they would just smack their foreheads and say “I don’t know what is going on.” As for the fifty and sixty year old group, they would do the same thing and stare at the paper for a good two to four...

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