As of July 1, 2005, the population of Montana was 935, 670. The capital is Helena. Native Americans were the first inhabitants of Montana. Tribes include the Crows in the south central region, the Cheyenne in the southeastern part of the state, the Blackfeet, Assiniboine and Gros Ventres in the central and north central area and the Kootenai and Salish in the western sector. The Pend d'Oreille were found around Flathead Lake, and the Kalispel occupied the western mountains.
The Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-1806 was the first group of white explorers to cross Montana. The nickname for Montana is "The Treasure State." The state ranks fourth in size. The economy of Montana is primarily based on agriculture and significant lumber and mineral extraction. Tourism is also very important to the economy. Montana brings in many visitors to Glacier National Park and Yellowstone National Park.
Montana's name is derived from the Spanish word, montaña meaning (mountain). Montana has the largest grizzly bear population. Montana is one of two states with a triple divide, allowing water to flow into three oceans: The Pacific Ocean, The Atlantic Ocean and the Artic Ocean. This occurs at the Triple Divide Peak in Glacier National Park. Montana was the first to elect a female member of Congress, Jeannette Rankin and was one of the first states to give women voting rights. Nearly 90% of Montana's residents are of European descent, with a large number of immigrants of German, Irish, Norwegian, Welsh, Cornish, Italian, Slovak and Scandinavian heritage arriving in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. A significant portion of Chinese immigrants also came and left a permanent mark on the state, especially in the mining cities of Helena, Butte, and Anaconda. Montana has no sales tax. In Montana, household goods are exempt from property taxes. However, property taxes are assessed on livestock, farm machinery, heavy equipment, automobiles, trucks, and...
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