The Solidarity movement in Poland was one of the most dramatic developments in Eastern Europe during the Cold War. It was not a movement that began in 1980, but rather a continuation of a working class and Polish intelligentsia movement that began in 1956, and continued in two other risings, in 1970 and 1976. The most significant of these risings began in the shipyards of the 'Triple City', Gdansk, Sopot and Gdynia in 1970. The first and by far the most violent and bloody of the workers revolts came in June of 1956, when at least 75 people died in the industrial city of Poznan. The third uprising took place in 1976 with workers striking in Warsaw, and rioting in the city of Radom. <br><br>What made the Solidarity movement peaceful and far more successful in comparison to that of the previous three? The Solidarity movement originated in the working class, but unlike the previous three risings it also worked with and was involved with the Polish intellectual community. Was this the reason behind its success? Or was it instead the result of the U.S.S.R. losing it's hold in the Eastern bloc, and the fledgling economy of Poland that made such a movement inevitable? While everyone of these points was a factor, the strongest and most compelling argument can be made for the unification and working together of Poland's most influential social classes, the Polish intelligentsia, the workers, and the Church. This strategy eventually led to the infamous 'roundtable' talks, and the collapse of communism itself in Poland.<br><br><b>The Beginnings of a Movement</b><br>The 'Polish October' of 1956 did not begin with Stalin's death in 1953, in fact Poland was quite calm, in stark contrast with other Eastern bloc countries. While demonstrations took place in Plzen, Czechoslovakia, and a revolt was taking place in East Germany in mid-June, Poland was slow to follow the 'New Course' that was being offered by neighboring countries. This was a result of a much slower relaxation than the
Poland and the Role of
Marisa Saldana and Sofia Venegas
What is Solidarity? (August 14, 1980)
● Independent self-governing trading
● It was a broad anti-communist social
● Used the methods of civil resistance to
advance the causes of workers' rights
and create social change.
● Contributed to the fall of communism
and sparked the later Revolutions of
Most prominent leader of the Solidarity
causes but fight for the same thing: freedom of group of people. Neta Golan is a current activist while Harriet Tubman is a past activist; they share similarities and differences between their actions and cause.
ISM stands for international solidarity movement. ISM is an organization that is focused on assisting Palestinians in the Israeli- Palestinians conflict, this conflict began in 1948 between the Jews and Arabs after the Holocaust, fighting for the territory in Gaza. Many attempts have been….
intricate twists and turns. With the established goals of purifying the way people practiced Christianity, the movement and subsequent counter-movements by the Catholic Church grasped Europe in the 15th century. Many people know the stories and successes of the Protestant Reformation in Switzerland, Germany, England, and other portions of Western Europe. Lesser known is the story of Poland. Poland’s narrative of religious reform is as peaceful as any, but equally gripping as any other nation’s saga….
Poland is the sixth-largest country in Europe. It is bordered by Germany, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia in the west and south and by the former Soviet Union republics of Ukraine in the south, Belarus in the east, and Lithuania in the northeast. The northwest section of the country is located on the Baltic Sea. Named after the Polane, a Slavic tribe that lived more than a thousand years ago, Poland has beautiful countryside and rapidly growing cities. Rolling hills and rugged mountains….
capital of Poland is Warsaw. The absolute location of Warsaw is 52° 15” north and 21° east. Poland’s land area is 117,571 square miles. The population in 1900 was 1,456,897 people; 24,613,700 people in 1950, and 38,130,302 people in 2010. Major landforms in Poland are The Carpathians, The Sydetan, and The Holy Cross Mountains. Major rivers in Poland are the Oder, Vistula, and Warta rivers. The climate in Poland is determined mainly by the country's geographical location and geography. Poland is in the….
01 May 2014
Immigration in Poland
A people without the knowledge of their past history, origin and culture is like a tree without roots (Garvey1). Polish culture plays a big part in the United States today. Most people think of Poland as always being one country but in actuality Great Poland was founded first in 966. Later on Little Poland was founded in 1047. By 1366 Great Poland and Little Poland finally decided to merge together to become Poland as we know it today. The Polish first….
The Slavic people where the first to settled in Poland in the 5th century. The Polans Duck Mieszko establish the Piast dynasty in 966, and converted Polans into Christianity. Bolesaw later became the duck of Poland and was an important figure in the Holy Roman Empire. Poland then created a new dynasty when Lithuania’s Grand Duck Jogaila and the Polish princess Jadwiga got married, causing Lithuanians to fold into Christianity. Poland later then entered constitutional monarchy, which caused….
that contributed to the emergence of a workers’ opposition movement in Communist Poland in the period 1956-1981.
After World War II, the official communist party dominated all aspects of Polish politics, which soon became an issue with not only the working class of the country, but also the intellectual and educated Polish community. Between 1956 and 1981, there was an emergence of workers’ opposition against the communist party in Poland due to the blatant oppression and desperate living conditions….
COMMUNISM IN POLAND
By the end of the Second World War a Communist regime had taken power with the help
of the Soviet Union. Poland was a satellite state of the U.S.S.R, and were ruled by a one-party
Communist regime, since the takeover during the Cold War (1945). The Cold War was a brief
time of tension between the Untied Sates of America (U.S.A) and the Soviet Union (U.S.S.R).
Without actual combat, the war lasted from 1945 to 1991. The U.S.S.R was trying to gain total
An example of mechanical solidarity would be the Amish, which are a group of traditionalist Christians. We know that this kind of solidarity is characterized by highly religious beliefs (i.e. all members share the same beliefs), little interdependence between its members, the use of repressive sanctions, a strong collective conscious (i.e. collective authority is absolute), among others. Basically, the collective outweighs the individual. Moreover, when we look at the Amish way of living, we notice….