The Sociological Perspective

Topics: Sociology, Auguste Comte, Structural functionalism Pages: 3 (784 words) Published: September 25, 2007
The Sociological Perspective
Chapter One

I)Sociology is the systematic study of human society.
a)Sociological perspective is seeing the general in the particular. i)Sociologist look for the general patterns in the behavior of particular people ii)Emily Durkheim (1858-1917), one of sociology's pioneers, researched suicide. (1)Men, Protestants, wealthy people, and unmarried had the highest suicide rates b)Periods of change or crisis make everyone feel a little off balance. i)The sociologist C. Wright Mills (1959) illustrated this idea using the Great Depression (1)He believed that using what he called the "sociological imagination" in this way helps people understand not only their society but their own lives, because the two are closely related. II)The importance of a global perspective

a)Global Perspective is the study of the larger world and our society's place in it, i)High-income countries are the nations with the highest overall standards of living (1)United states, Canada, Argentina, South Africa, Japan, Australia ii)Middle-income countries are nations with a standard of living about average for the world as a whole. (1)Latin America, Asia, some of Africa

iii)Low-income countries are nations with a low standard of living in which most people are poor. (1)Africa, some in Asia
III)Applying the sociological perspective
a)Using sociology benefits us in four ways:
i)the sociological perspective helps us assess the truth of "common sense." ii) the sociological perspective helps us see the opportunities and constraints in our lives. iii) the sociological perspective empowers us to be active in our society iv) the sociological perspective helps us live in a diverse world IV)Auguste Comte coined the term sociology in 1838 to describe a new way of looking at society. a)He saw sociology as the product of a three-stage historical development i)Theological stage- People taking a religious view that society...
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