Socio-Economic Causes for The American Revolution
The American revolution was a literal revolution of 360 degrees, in which it ended mostly where it had began, with a group of elite, rich men in charge. As the American colonies developed a stronger economic trade due to the Salutary Neglect that Britain had imposed on them, they began to flourish during the 1600’s and 1700’s in cash crops like tobacco, fur, sugar, etc. Until, Britain realized that their power towards the colonies had began to weaken, they legislated a series of acts in order to regulate trade, minimize wealth and economic growth in the countries. This led to infuriating the plantation owners and many wealthy men who strived in the economy. Many revolutionary ideas came from the Enlightenment, like John Locke, Montesquieu, James Otis and Thomas Gordon were seen throughout the revolution. These were all elites and wealthy philosophers and politicians during the Enlightenment, which later influence elites and wealthy white men in Britain who couldn’t tolerate the mercantilistic idea of Britain’s acts. George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Benjamin Franklin were all founding fathers of our nations who owned slaves and were wealthy men in the upper class. Without these elect men our country would not be as well founded and stable than farmers revolting and starting mobocracies. Britain just wanted to show who was boss, in which the colonies that were used to being controlled by Britain, rejected and ignored Britain’s command and acts. These new economic developments, more than any political differences between Britain and the colonies provoked the American revolution. Many historians, like Frederick Jackson Turner, Carl Becker, Charles Beard, Arthur M. Schlesinger are some of many that believe in the socio-economic reasons in which sparked this Revolution.
The revolution had started when Britain had left the American colonies alone for a little while, in which they commenced to be independent and work without the need of Britain. Their economy began to increase since they tended to import and export much more with other countries their tobacco, fur, and sugar. Plantation owners in the south had many slaves and owned a surmount of land in which made them very rich, due to cash crops like tobacco and sugar! White men from the north also had become affluent from the success in selling furs. The American colonists (especially the wealthy merchants ) began to disagree with the the intolerable acts in which were the Molasses Act, Navigation Act, Townshend Act. They all contradicted with their rights as to housing soldiers and paying unjustifiable taxes. Many elite men like Sam Adams, James Otis who was a prestigious lawyer refused this abomination and began to revolt against their loss of money against Britain. Later, John Dickinson writes Letters From a Farmer regarding non importation and non exportation, where ironically “He was born to a moderately wealthy family in Maryland. His father was first judge to the Court of Pleas in Delaware. He studied law at the Temple in London, the most prestigious education that a young man could hope for.” and not a farmer indeed. Later on, this prestigious man, John Dickinson will be seen to write some of the most important documents that influenced the revolution, like the First Continental Congress, where he writes the Declaration of Resolves and Declaration of the Cause and Necessity of Taking Up Arms. A leader is needed for the war after Thomas Jefferson writes the Declaration of Independence, in which it will be George Washington, an honorary ranked colonel , he was quite the military hero. He led the underdog army of America to victory with Battle of Trenton, in Battle of Saratoga and finally the successful Battle of Yorktown. Thanks to the help of Benjamin Franklin who was a very bright intellectual; well rounded and educated who convinced the French into allying with the colonies. Without the help of French allies,...
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