The Seven Organizational Approaches to the Human Body
The Language of Health Care/ HCA220
November 17, 2012
In anatomy, the study of the human body, the body is divided into seven different approaches in order to view the body at a specific point. Those seven approaches are body plane and body direction, body cavities, quadrants and regions, anatomy and physiology, microscopic and macroscopic, body systems, and medical specialties.
“Anatomic terms describe the directions within the body as well as the body’s reference planes, cavities and regions” (Anatomy Terms). The first of the seven approaches is body planes and direction. The body plane and direction help the doctor or medical staff identify what is wrong with a patient, and correctly document that information in charts and medical history. There are four different planes to the human body. Those planes are sagittal plane which divides the body vertically into left and right, coronal plane which divides the body vertically into anterior (front) and posterior (back) direction, transverse plane which divides the body horizontal direction parallel to the ground into proximal (up) and distal (down) direction. The last plane according to Healthpages.org (2011), “Oblique ….it is a slanted plane (at an angle) that lies between the horizontal and vertical planes “(Anatomy Terms).
The next approach to studying the human body is body cavities. These are like the blue prints of how the human body works. The word cavity according to dictionary.com is “a hollow space within the body, an organ, a bone, etc.” . There are five body cavities within the human body. Those cavities are the cranial cavity, spinal cavity or canal, thoracic cavity, abdominal cavity, and the pelvic cavity. According to a PowerPoint presentation from Carlos J. Bidot (2007), the cavities are divided into two areas which are dorsal cavity which contains the cranial cavity, and the ventral cavity which contains...
References: Carlos J. Bidot. (2007). The Human Body: Anatomical Regions, Directions, and Body Cavities [PowerPoint slides].
Retrieved from http://faculty.mdc.edu/.../Anatomy%20.../....
Retrieved from http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cavity?s=t
Retrieved from http://healthpages.org/anatomy-function/anatomy-terms/
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