Understand Child and Young Person Development
Understand the expected pattern of development for children and young people from birth – 19 years Each child and young person will follow an expected pattern of development, focusing mainly the skills they are learning rather than the physical growth. Although when discussed the development of children it focuses on the skills it is undeniable that both skills and growth of children and young people are linked and will impact on the development on the child. Development of children and young people are describe in five different areas; physical, cognitive, communication, social and emotional and moral development. Physical development describes the development of the physical movements. This is divided into fine motor skills, gross motor skills and locomotive movements. Fine motor skills involved skills such as tying shoes laces and gross motor skills involving larger movements such as throwing a ball. Locomotive movements involved the development and learning of movements such as balance and walking. The development of physical aspects will enable children and young people to develop their independence. Cognitive development is also known as the intellectual development area of a child’s development. This area of development is relatively large encompassing the way in which the brain processes information. This area will cover all areas including remembering a name of face of someone to being to distinguish between two items such as colours. Cognitive skills that will also be learnt during this area of development will include imagination and is found to link closely to language and communication. Communication is the area of development which involves a person being able to interact with other people and understanding their communications towards others. Communication includes talking, reading and writing and the use of gestures. Communication and language are linked closely to cognitive development as a more complex understanding of communication is needed as the child develops and starts to encounter other forms of communication. Social and emotional development is the area of development where relationships and understanding of oneself are described. The understanding of behaviours such as empathy, sympathy and knowledge of your own emotions and how to handle them is all areas of social and emotional development that children and young people will learn. A sub section of social and emotional development with links to cognitive development is known as moral development. This area of development includes the decisions and principles that children will make and adopt as they get older with a greater understanding of their own behaviour towards other people. Although the development of children and young people are looking at as separate areas it is important to understand that development is holistic and cannot be focused on solely as separate areas as each are co-dependent and if one area is not developed a child or young person may not be able to complete certain tasks or skills. The sequence and rate of each aspect of development for children and young people follow a typical pattern with the minority of children and young people not developing at the same rate as others. Babies who are born three weeks prior to the fortieth week are described as premature babies and will normally require more time to reach a developmental milestone as a baby born around the fortieth week. Babies are born with reflexes which they perform uncontrollably due to survival instincts. A child at birth will be born with both the sucking and swallowing reflex to ensure they can feed in order for their survival. A baby at this age will also be born with the rooting reflex in order to look for the nipple or the teat by using their cheeks or mouth as a guide. This reflex is also linked to the need for survival. Babies will react by grasping something that touches the palm of their hand and if...
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