1865 The Secret Service Division was created on July 5, 1865 in Washington, D.C., to suppress counterfeit currency. Chief William P. Wood was sworn in by Secretary of the Treasury Hugh McCulloch. 1867 Secret Service responsibilities were broadened to include "detecting persons perpetrating frauds against the government." This appropriation resulted in investigations into the Ku Klux Klan, non-conforming distillers, smugglers, mail robbers, land frauds, and a number of other infractions against the federal laws. 1870 Secret Service headquarters relocated to New York City. 1874 Secret Service headquarters returned to Washington, D.C. 1875 The first commission book and a new badge were issued to operatives. 1877 Congress passed an Act prohibiting the counterfeiting of any coin, gold or silver bar. 1883 Secret Service was officially acknowledged as a distinct organization within the Treasury Department. 1894 The Secret Service began informal part-time protection of President Cleveland. 1895 Congress passed corrective legislation for the counterfeiting or possession of counterfeit stamps. 1901 Congress informally requested Secret Service Presidential protection following the assassination of President William McKinley. 1902 The Secret Service assumed full-time responsibility for protection of the President. Two operatives were assigned full time to the White House Detail. 1906 Congress passed Sundry Civil Expenses Act for 1907 that provided funds for Presidential protection by the Secret Service.
Secret Service operatives began to investigate the western land frauds. The Service's investigations returned millions of acres of land to the government. 1908 Secret Service began protecting the president-elect. Also, President Roosevelt transferred Secret Service agents to the Department of Justice. They formed the nucleus of what is now the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI). EXPANSION
1913 Congress authorized permanent protection of...
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