“COMPARING BELIEF AND THOUGHT”
EUTHTHYPHO vs. SOCRATES
Saint Leo University
Professor Anthony Nattaninia
A young man by the name of Euthyphro involves himself in a conversation with the well known Socrates. During this conversation Euthyphro attempts to impose unrealistic beliefs concerning piety. Euthyphro is the plaintiff in a murder suit that he is filing against his very own father. Euthyphro believes that he has a case against his father, the reasons the young man comes up with does not sufficiently satisfy Socrates. This text is a great example of beliefs of a young man; against the wisdom and knowledge of older man. In the final analysis Socrates conversation with Euthyphro, smashes all of Euthyphro’s ideas and conceptions. Euthypro’s belief system has diminished and what he thought may be sound, good reasoning concerning the gods proves to be meaningless conversation. Euthyphro speaks in fallacy, Socrates sees right through it; and that is apparent in his questioning toward the young man. W. K. Clifford wrote an essay titled “The Ethics of Belief” in which he “argues that there is an ethic to belief that makes it always wrong for anyone to believe anything on insufficient evidence.” (Pojman/Rea 498) This short essay of comparing thoughts and beliefs will compare how Euthyphro by Plato, shows the importance of belief in comparison to that of W. K. Clifford in “The Ethics of Belief.” Furthermore, it is important to see how the text on Euthyphro’s conversation with Socrates, by Plato, truly shows that belief is invalid without proper evidence to justify it.
Belief is described as a feeling of being sure that someone or something exists, that something is true. Belief is a confidence; it is taught in childhood and plastered into the mind, it is a block to many men and women while growing old and learning about life. There was a time that a military soldier told a joke to another soldier after a situation of importance. The two soldiers were in a confrontation about a certain matter in which the Private (which is a young inexperienced soldier that has anywhere from a year to three years’ service), was talking to a Platoon Sergeant (who has six to ten years’ enlisted and plenty of experience). The young soldier had great belief that he could perform a certain task without any experience or knowledge. The old soldier told the younger soldier to get back and let him preform the task at hand. The task was completed by the Platoon Sergeant, the young solider was impressed and embarrassed at the same time; because what the young soldier believed to be the solution was nothing like the solution that the old soldier executed. Then a Joke was told to the young soldier by the old sergeant it went like this. A young bull said to an old bull, “lets RUN down the hill and do some of those cows!” the old bull replied, “No lets WALK down the hill and do them ALL.” If any man has been young they should be able to understand the beliefs and confidence of young Euthyphro. Then on the other hand one should appreciate getting old, to finally understand that beliefs are not grounded in truth. Beliefs are strong feelings base on nothing concrete, meaning that in most cases there is no pertinent evidence to back it up. Comparing the beliefs of “Euthypro”, in Plato’s text; to the essay “The Ethics of belief” by W. K. Clifford, there is a contrast of evidence; vs. beliefs, feelings and thought processes., W.K. Clifford’s essay on evidence is far more convincing than Euthyphro’s fallacies in the text by Plato.
W. K. Clifford wrote that “it is wrong always, everywhere, and for anyone, to believe anything upon insufficient evidence.” From the start of his essay “The Ethics of Belief,” W. K. Clifford illustrates his point on beliefs based upon insufficient evidence are always wrong, through several different examples. The first example he used was about a ship owner who sees that his ship is old and in need...
Cited: Pojman/Rea, Solomon, Kierkegaard. Encountering The Real: Faith And Philosophical Enquiry. Mason: Cengage Learning, 2012.
Please join StudyMode to read the full document