The Role of United Nations in Peace Movement

Topics: United Nations, Peace, Peacekeeping Pages: 32 (8010 words) Published: May 7, 2014

The Role of United Nations in Peace Movement

Date of submission: April 13, 2010
Serial no.
Contents:
Page no.
1.
Abstract
03
2.
Introduction
04
3.
Peace movement
05
3.1
Types of peace movement
06
3.2
Transformations of peace movement
06
3.3
Objectives of peace movement
07
4.
Systems of United Nations
07
4.1
Purposes and principles of United Nations
08
4.2
Characteristics of UN peace movement:
08
4.3
Dissimilarity of UN peace movement from others organization: 09
5.
Role of United Nations in peace movement
10
5.1
UN approaches to preventing and managing conflicts
10
5.2
Role of Security Council in peace movement:
11
5.3
Economic and Social Council
12
5.4
Human rights and humanitarian assistance:
13
6.
A common framework of action
14
6.1
UN and peace making
15
6.2
UN and peace keeping
16
6.3
UN and peace building
16
6.4
Current UN peacekeeping missions
17-18
6.5
The United Nations Peace building Fund (PBF)
19
7.
The Other UN Organizations That Contribute to Peace
20-21
8.
The UN peace agreements:
22
9.
Individual initiative of secretary general
22
10.
Noble Peace Prize: Achievement of UN in peace movement:
23
11.
United Nations actions for peace in various regions of the world 23
11.1
The UN role in Haiti
23
11.2
Burundi peace process
24
11.3
The UN’s current initiatives in ME
25
11.4
UN role of peace movement in Guinea_ Bissau:
25
11.5
UN role of peace movement in West Africa:
26
11.6
Balkan conflict
26
12.
Success and failure of UN peace movement
26-27
13.
An Evaluation of UN peace movement
27-30
14.
Concluding remarks
30
15.
References
31

Abstract:
Peace is probably as old as humanity and it is our ultimate goal. There is no way to peace, peace is the only way. Peace movement is a significant tool for establishing peace in all over the world and it is very much essential concern in peace studies. Peace movement is a social movement that seeks to achieve ideals such as the ending of a particular war and tries to create positive peace such as social justice, human rights, democracy, protect environment, eradication of poverty, removing illiteracy, refugee settlement and so on. After the bloodshed and destruction of World War II UN was established. Main purpose of the United Nations is to maintain international peace and security, to strengthen universal peace and to achieve international co-operation in solving international problems. The United Nation was created to be a comprehensive organization not only in terms of its membership, but also interims of wideness of its competencies. Each aspect of its works peace keeping, human rights, development cooperation, and environmental protection and so on will be the search for cooperative solutions for economic, social, cultural and humanitarian problem, and the encouragement of behavior that accords with the principle of international law. The main purpose of this article to focus the UN role in peace movement and it covered all the initiatives of United Nations for establishing peace in all over the world through various peace movements. Firstly this paper paying attention on various organs of united nations activities such as Security council : issues of war and peace ,General assembly : the main parliamentary , budget and decision making organ, Economic and social council : quality of life worldwide, International court of justice: adjudication of international legal disputes, General Assembly First Committee (Disarmament and International Security) ,General Assembly Fourth Committee (Special Political and Decolonization) ,Peace building Commission, Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force, Disarmament Commission, Conference on Disarmament, Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer...

References: Darby, John(s) ed. 2003; Cotemporary Peace Making; Palgrave Macmillan Press; New York.
The Unied Nations Today; 2008; Published by United Nations Department of Public Information ; New York
February 24, 2005.sUnion-Tribune Publishing Co
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