The Role of Science and Technology in the Development of World Economy

Topics: Technology, Innovation, Economics Pages: 60 (21145 words) Published: June 22, 2011
CONTENTS

INTRODUCTION . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 3 CHAPTER I. THEORETICAL ASPECTS RELATING TO THE ROLE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WORLD ECONOMY............................6 1. The concept and evolution of the world economy ...............................................6 2. Science and technology as a step in the formation of the world economy...........10 CHAPTER II. ANALYSIS THE IMPACT OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF WORLD ECONOMY ........................................................................19 1. The effects of the industrial revolution on the progress of world economy........19 2. The role of science and technology on the growth of the world economy..........26 CHAPTER III. SCIENCE AND INNOVATION - TWO MAJOR FACTORS FOR DEVELOPMENT ECONOMY OF REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA........................................32 3.1. General aspects regarding the science and technology in the development of Republic of Moldova . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ...32 3.2. Strategies and programs for improving the future of Republic of Moldova . . . . . . .37 CONCLUSION ............................................................................................................................45 BIBLIOGRAFY ...........................................................................................................................47 ANNEXES

ANNOTATION
ABBREVIATIONS

INTRODUCTION
The relevance of the investigated theme. The evolution noted in the international economic relations, in the beginning of the XXI century, make deep evidence on the significant changes in comparison with the regard to last period, in the area of the interpretations on the value concepts about the development of the world economy. In this way are many implications and penetrations from the past to present, more events and discoveries in the innovation domain. Science and technology represent one main step in the development of world economy. Industrial Revolution has big effects on the formation of the world economy as relating that these multiple events represent a step in creation of a new better life, which influenced to the beginning of a new era. This constituted one fundamental base in the elaborations of new innovations in the view to improve the industries, agriculture and infrastructure, also the relations between states by improvement of transports. The impacts and influences of science and technology on the growth of the economy consist of many factors which determine the development of the economy at international, regional and national level. The present interest is consisted of the problematical settlements in the international economic relations which are reflected on the big interest studied and researched by many international institutions. These organizations try to increase the economic growth and the life standards. Science and technology can be applied with success for sustaining and developing the world economy, being in this way an important factor which has a significant impact on the evolution of global economy. In nowadays the discoveries in this domain represent a useful thing for the future development of world economy, as growth of industry and infrastructure. In this way can be mentioned the raising of the life standards, high-skilled labor, big productivity, high quality of products, transports and services. Engineers are often involve in technology generating activities, but are sometimes unable to identify the benefits resulted from the new technology and science. The present theme represents a big interest also for promoting the investments in research and development. The scope and objectives of the thesis are represented by the theoretical and...

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