The Role of Ngos in Developing Tribals Through Watershed Programme
A CASE STUDY OF RDS
1. DR.K.PRABHAKAR, 2.DR. K.LAVANYA LATHA 3 PROF.A.PAPA RAO
1.POST DOCTORAL FELLOW, DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY, SRI VENKATESWARA UNIVERSITY, TIRUPATI – 517 502.
2. ASSISTANT PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF MANAGEMENT STUDIES, PONDICHERRY CENTRAL UNIVERSITY, PONDICHERRY-605014, INDIA
3. PROFESSOR, DEPARTMENT OF ANTHROPOLOGY, SRI VENKATESWARA UNIVERSITY, TIRUPATI–517 502.
THE BASIC PHILOSOPHY BEHIND VOLUNTARY EFFORT IS TO MAKE THE PEOPLE AWARE AND LEAD THEM TO THE GOAL OF SELF-RELIANCE. SINCE THE GOVERNMENT PROGRAMMES ARE UNABLE TO MAKE ADEQUATE RAPPORT WITH THE TRIBAL PEOPLE IN THE PROCESS OF THEIR INTERACTION WHERE AS PEOPLE FROM VOLUNTARY ORGANIZATIONS CAN STIMULATE THE INTEREST IN THE COMMUNITY WITH THEIR INNOVATIVE ATTITUDE AND IDEAS. PRESENTLY, AN ATTEMPT IS MADE HERE TO STUDY THE EFFORTS MADE BY SUCH NGO NAMELY RDS TO DEVELOP THE TRIBAL FARMERS IN CHANDALURU VILLAGE WHICH IS LOCATED IN PRAKASAM DISTRICT OF ANDHRA PRADESH. RDS WHOSE MISSION IS POVERTY ERADICATION IN RURAL VILLAGES AND PRIMARILY ADDRESS THE PROBLEMS OF SAFE DRINKING WATER, FOOD AND SHELTER IS PRESENTLY WORKING VERY EFFECTIVELY IN THE AREAS OF TRIBAL PEOPLE IN PRAKASAM DISTRICT. IT ALSO INVOLVED IN IMPROVING THE HEALTH CARE COMMUNICATION, EDUCATIONAL FACILITIES, EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN AND CHILDREN.
Voluntary organizations are not new phenomena. The concept of voluntary social service is ancient. In the recent past it acquired momentum and significance. The potential and valuable contributions of voluntary organizations to promote micro-level development are universally accepted. Currently in India, great debates are going on in different forms regarding the role of voluntary agencies, especially with regard to tribal development. During the evolution of voluntary organizations in India especially since the beginning of the nineteenth century till today, they are more or less progressive in providing relief and protective service to the women, children, weaker sections, educations, health etc., Some of them organize literacy camps and awareness camps. It is clear that each organization has its own initiative, innovative intervention into social and class milieu. Each has its own ideology and implementation machinery to bring in integrated rural development. In India, tribals constitute about 8.0 percent of the total population in the country. And about 58 percent of them are below the poverty line. Development of tribals and tribal areas is a challenging task to government, as tribals live in wide spectrum of diversities of geographical location, socio-economic and political-cultural conditions besides the tribal areas are far-flung and inaccessible. Since the government programmes are unable to make adequate rapport with the tribal people in the process of their interaction where as people from voluntary organizations can stimulate the interest in the community with their innovative attitude and ideas. Presently, an attempt is made here to study the efforts made by such NGO namely Rural Development Society (RDS) in watershed programme and its impact on tribal farmers of Chandaluru village of Prakasam district, Andhra Pradesh. The study was based on fieldwork conducted in Chaaduluru village. Chandaluru village is one of the poorest villages in Prakasam district of Andhra Pradesh, with 90 percent of households below the official poverty line and literacy just above 10 percent. Poverty, ignorance and illiteracy are the root causes of backwardness. Hunger, malnutrition and under-employment are the main problems. Eighty percent of households are landless, small and marginal farmers; they own only 35 percent of the land. The majorities (70 percent) of households belong to scheduled tribes, 10 percent are scheduled castes and 20 percent are other castes. Dry land farming is the predominant activity in the area....
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