Over the last one decade along with this running decade MDG has gained enormous success in developing goals on a global scale. As an efficient financial mechanism, MDG enables various governmental and non-governmental actors to realise the millennium development goals (MDGs). Based on our recent field-research on Millennium Development Goals in Bangladesh, this paper empirically examines and analyze the role of MDGs in promoting livelihoods in the country. The study reflects on recent arguments on behalf of MDG and shows that despite some criticisms, MDG is making significant contribution in uplifting the livelihoods of Bangladesh.
Key words: MDG, Poverty, Health, Education, Bangladesh
The Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) represent a global commitment to tackle poverty, hunger, disease, education, inequality and environmental degradation. Since their launch in 2000 the MDGs have been a useful tool for international development and to reach the targets by 2015 is no mean achievement In September 2000, member states of the United Nations (UN) gathered at the Millennium Summit to affirm commitments towards reducing poverty and the worst forms of human deprivation. The Summit adopted the UN Millennium Declaration which embodies specific targets and milestones in eliminating extreme poverty worldwide. To help track progress in the attainment of the 8 goals and 18 targets of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) over the period 1990 to 2015, experts from the United Nations Secretariat and International Monetary Fund (IMF), Overseas Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) and the World Bank identified and selected a set of time-bound and measurable indicators. Data series on the 48 MDG indicators are compiled to provide the basis for the preparation of progress reports by member states of the United Nations (UN) on the implementation of the UN Millennium Declaration.
The President of Bangladesh government together with other heads of countries or governments from 147 countries of the world (191 countries in total) signed in New York in 2000 the “United Nations Millennium Declaration: Human Development – Primary Importance Goal”. This document reaffirms the commitment of the international community to the fundamental values of humankind – freedom, equality, solidarity, tolerance, respect for nature and shared responsibility – and emphasizes the importance of tackling major issues related to the consolidation of peace, observance of human rights, assurance of sustainable development, environmental protection.
This study is a partial requirement of the course on Bangladesh Studies. The general objective of the study is to develop a clear understanding about the Millennium development issues in Bangladesh. Specific Objectives
The specific objectives of the study are:
To evaluate the goals, targets and monitoring indicators tailored to the social and economic context of Bangladesh.
To find out the progress or current situation of Bangladesh at this context.
To find out the barriers in achieving established targets.
To asses the Priority actions which are to be undertaken in order to achieve established goals.
An assessment of the monitoring and reporting capacities on the progress of achieving MDGs.
Millennium Development Goal (MDGs) are expected to track progress of countries towards the achievement of internationally agreed time bound goals. The report is designed for international comparison especially with regards to building national capacity to benchmark and assess progress, to highlight achievements and...
References: Begum and M. Salimullah 2004, Millennium Development Goals Needs Assessment: Bangladesh Country Study, Working Draft, 17 January 2004, Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies, Dhaka.
SEHD, 1998, Bangladesh Environment: Facing the 21st Century, SEHD, Dhaka, 1998.
PMED 2000, EFA Bangladesh Country Report 2000.
World Bank 1999, Towards an Urban Strategy for Bangladesh Infrastructure Sector Unit, South Asia Region, World Bank, September 1999.
Geoff Woods and Sarah Salway 2000, Urban Livelihoods Study, Policy Arena: Urban Livelihoods, ed by. In Journal of International Development, 2000, vol 12, no 5.
UNDP 2003, National Gender Profile, Bangladesh, 2003.
Overall web page: http://www.undp.org/mdg/countryreports.html
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