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The Roaring Twenties

By peytonpropst Jun 02, 2015 430 Words
Peyton Propst
Mr. Martin
Final Exam Essay
2 June 2015
Golden Age: Roaring Twenties
The Roaring Twenties was period of continual economic prosperity and the distinguishing artistic edge in cities during the 1920s throughout the United States. For the first time in a long time, Americans lived in cities, rather than on farms. America was turned into a “consumer society” with the Nation’s total wealth more than doubling between 1920 and 1929. There was a rise in wages and real income, easy credit and installment plan buying, and in mass advertisement. Jazz and dance rose in popularity, and the twenties are sometimes known as the Jazz Age because of all of the blues in New Orleans and Memphis, with artists such as Louie Armstrong and George Gershwin. The 1920’s was a time of economic and cultural prosperity which helped the twenties become a Golden Age throughout United States history. The United States and Canada became more anti-immigration in viewpoint during this period. The American Immigration Act of 1924 limited immigration from countries where 2% of the total U.S. population, per the 1890 census, not counting African Americans, were immigrants from that country. The substantial incursion of Europeans that had come to America during the first two decades of the century slowed down. The 1920s brought new styles of music into the typical American culture. Jazz became the most popular form of music for young people and the flapper culture. Famous jazz performers and singers from the 1920s include Louis Armstrong, James P. Johnson, and Bing Crosby. Prohibition made illegal the manufacture, import and sale of beer, wine and hard liquor, but it did not make drinking illegal. Americans' continued desire for alcohol under prohibition led to the rise of organized crime as exemplified by Al Capone. Speakeasies became popular and abundant as the Prohibition years progressed and led to the rise of gangsters such as Lucky Luciano and Sam Maceo. They commonly worked with associates to organized crime and liquor smuggling. While the U.S. Federal Government agents raided such places and arrested many of the smugglers, they rarely managed to get the big bosses. The 1920s were a period of significant change for women as well. The 19th amendment was passed in 1920, giving women the right to vote, and women began to pursue both family life and careers of their own. America began to create her own culture and people began to spend money on more leisure activities, and through economic, cultural, and musical prosperity, the roaring twenties are able to represent America’s Golden Age throughout history.

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