The Rise and Fall of the Federalist Party
George Washington’s Farewell Address was written to the people of the United States at the end of his second term as President. He wrote this as a result of his experiences, what he noticed, and saw while in his term. And he wanted to help out the next president that was coming into office. There was 6 themes that was part of the Farewell Address: extolls the benefits of the federal government, warns against the party system, stresses the importance of religion and morality, on stable public credit, warns against permanent foreign alliances, and on an over-powerful military establishment. Two themes that I’ll compare with today’s society is warns against the party system, and warns against permanent foreign alliances. Warns against the party system. “It serves to distract the Public Councils, and enfeeble the Public Administration… agitates the Community with ill-founded jealousies and false alarms; kindles the animosity of one… against another… it opens the door to foreign influence and corruption… thus the policy and the will of one country are subjected to the policy and will of another.” Washington saw a potentially harmful political factionalism in the country. He insisted Americans to unite for the good of the country. Two political parties had developed in the early 1790s, the Federalist and the Republicans (later known as Democratic-Republicans). The Federalists, and Washington himself, backed up Hamilton’s plan for a central bank and other strong central economic plans based on manufacturing. The Republicans went against the Hamilton’s plan and favored farmers as opposed to city people. Washington predicted that this political division would play significantly in the new government, as these two developing parties attempted to guide the nation and shape it to match with their thought. In today’s society, we have two different parties: Democrats and Republicans. Democrats are more liberal. They believe in a...
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