The Rio de Janeiro Carnival - Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
The Carnaval in Rio de Janeiro is a world famous festival held before Lent every year and considered the biggest carnival in the world with 2 million people per day on the streets. The first festivals of Rio date back to 1823. The typical Rio carnival parade is filled with revelers, floats and adornments from numerous samba schools which are located in Rio.
ur number one is Rio Fest. The first records of Carnival festivities in Rio de Janeiro date back to 1723. Immigrants from the Portuguese islands of Açores, Madeira and Cabo Verde introduced here the Entrudo.The idea was basically getting everybody soaked wet. People would go out in the streets with buckets of water and limes, and everybody could be a potential victim. Even Emperors took part in the fun. It happens at the peak of summer, when Cariocas are at their best. This event is celebrated throughout Brazil but Rio’s is the biggest and most spectacular one. This annual festival marks the beginning of Lent, the forty-day period before Christmas. The festival has its roots in the pagan festival of Saturnalia. While the carnival is primarily Catholic in nature, the entire world watches this spectacle of pomp, colours, music and rhythm, as the performers, especially the exotic samba dancers and revellers take to the streets and show their best moves, clad in body-paint, glitter, feathers, and little else. Ironically, the parade’s excesses represent an ‘act of farewell to the pleasures of the flesh’ before Lent during which, Christians are supposed to abstain from all acts of bodily pleasures. Carnival - The World's Largest Party
Located on South America’s southeast coastline, Brazil has miles of beautiful beaches and acres of tropical rainforests which belong to the Amazon Rainforest. Within the larger cities, such as Sao Paulo and Riode Janeiro, the landscape is filled with vibrant architecture and millions of people. The weather is warm year-round which provides for a great place to socialize. With Sao Paulo being more of a laid back city, Rio de Janeiro is just the opposite. Because of Carnival, an annual festival held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, the city has a reputation of being the largest party city of the planet.
Originating in Europe, Carnival has a rich history. For instance, hundreds of years ago during medieval times, “the followers of the Catholic religion in Italy started the tradition of holding a wild costume festival right before the first day of Lent,” which is a Catholic holiday to reflect upon Jesus (Nunley, John W.). They threw this festival to celebrate the oncoming of Lent. People wore simple, self-made costumes of fabric while large amounts of food were prepared; this was often times some sort of meat served with alcohol (Nunley, John W.). Since “Catholics are not supposed to eat meat during Lent,” the followers wanted a last chance to eat it before they had to follow their religious practices (Nunley, John W.). Because of this, this festival was named “Carnevale – which means ‘to put away the meat’” (Nunley, John W.). Over many years Carnival grew popular, spreading throughout Europe.
As the rest of the world was being discovered, Carnival continued to grow. For example, when the “French, Spanish, and Portuguese [found and] began to take control of the Americas, they brought with them their tradition of celebrating Carnival” (Nunley, John W.). As these territories grew in population and became countries, the popularity and size of Carnival also grew. Soon Carnival would be celebrated in many countries throughout the world with the most popular of celebrations being celebrated in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.
While its roots originated in Europe, Carnival soon spread to Brazil and morphed into a new type of celebration. As Portuguese conquistadoresfounded and claimed Brazil as theirs, they “brought with them slave trading… in the seventeenth, eighteenth, and nineteenth century until...
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