The life of man is many sided. There is an economic aspect, legal aspect, a religious aspect, political aspect, and so forth. Sociology, therefore, can understand a social life as a whole, by taking help from other social sciences which study exclusively one or the other aspects of human society. Sociology, for example, in order to understand a particular society has to take material of the economics, political science, history, anthropology, religion, morals, law and finally interaction with the rest of the world. Therefore all sciences are interrelate and interdependent.
Sociology not only borrows from other social sciences but other social sciences also dependent on sociology. Actually there are two types of social sciences called special sciences which deals special activity of society like economics, psychology etc. The second type of social sciences calle general social sciences which undertake comprehensively .Sociology comes in category of general science.
Sociology and Psychology are overlapping in that social influences effect the psychological development of individuals. Sociology is obvious in history in that the social interactions of individuals have effected history, and then of course there is the history of Sociology itself. The study of economics in sociology is stratification, which is the study of how we are a part of a certain economic level in society and how we got there and how it effects us. Finally, political science has been studied by many Sociologists for such issues as slavery, women in politics, etc. It is interesting to see the connection and distinction between sociology and some of more important social sciences in what follows: Relation between Sociology and History:
Both social sciences are now a days coming nearer to each other. Some time ago history was considered as science of some dates, places and struggles.But now people have realizes that why the particular event in history occurred? What was form of the same? In short history is another social science which is related to irect society and sociology. History primarily deals with past events and how they affected society eg how the Ino-Pak partition ,compel Sindhu(Hindu word it self has originated from Sindhu_)to prove themselves laborious, on the other end will be concerned with how people intereacted, how culture was affected etc during the present and before the partition . By presenting following points we can clear the relation of both: Sociology takes help from history in mater of present studies.By comparing between occurring past and present events, one can estimate the factors responsible for occurring that event. Sociology is obvious in history in that the social interactions of individuals have effected history, and then of course there is the history of Sociology itself. There are so many institutions, like family ,tribe, culture, folkways, mores, tradition ,social movements, social changes etc, who have historical background of occurring. On the basis of that we can understand present situation , and try to organized accordingly. In sociological research studies, Historical method of study is very relevant and important. History is not only history of events but it is key to understand present events. In the same way sociology gives social background for the study of historical events.
G.E. Harward to remarked that History is past Sociology ,and Sociology is present history.
But, in spite of their close relationship the two sciences are distinct: Sociology is general science which covers all human aspects ,while history is special science which study only historical aspects of events. History is related with past events an there is no relation with modern events. Contrary to it Sociology is basically a modern science, which study present social situation of human behavior. Durkheim's book 'The Rules of Sociological Method' says ,sociology is entirely different from history. He further says,...
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